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灰紫红色含铁石英砂岩

2019-03-30 11:41 | 浏览次数:10774次 | 字体【 关闭
编号:
产地:湖北三峡地区
规格(cm):
报价(万元):
产品描述

主要成分:主要为石英,有少量长石、泥质、铁质、绢云母等。

成因类型:沉积型

形成时代:中晚泥盆世

主要用途:观赏、建筑用

采集地点:湖北三峡地区

珍品百选

  • 银矿石

    产地:
    规格:

    矿石矿物:主要为辉银矿、自然银、闪锌矿、方铅矿等

    成因类型:热液型

    成矿时代:晚侏罗世

    主要用途:提取银的主要矿石原料

    采集地点:内蒙古察哈尔右翼前旗李清地因矿区

  • 银锡矿石

    产地:内蒙古西乌珠穆沁旗白音查干东山银锡多金属矿区
    规格:

    名  称:银锡矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为辉银矿、方铅矿、闪锌矿、锡石,其次为黄铜矿、黄铁矿、银黝铜矿;脉石矿物主要为石英、绿泥石及绢云母,少量白云石、黑云母及高岭石。

    成因类型:脉状热液型

    成矿时代:早白垩世

    主要用途:提取银、锡、铅、锌的主要矿石原料。银的用途较为广泛,传统上制造货币和首饰;在工业上银多用在电子和机械制造业。锡具有展性强、防锈、耐腐蚀等特性,锡能够同其他金属及类金属形成各种合金,易于镀在许多金属表面,特别是锡的表面耐蚀不锈,同有机酸及盐类反应的生成无毒。

    采集地点:内蒙古西乌珠穆沁旗白音查干东山银锡多金属矿区


    Name:Silver- Tin Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by argentite, galena, sphalerite and cassiterite, with minor chalcopyrite, pyrite and freibergite. Gangue minerals include mostly quartz, chlorite and sericite, with minor amount of muscovite, biotite and kaolinite.

    Genesis:Hydrothermal veins.

    Age:Early Cretaceous.

    Usage:Major source for extracting silver, tin, lead and zinc. The usage of silver covers large area. Traditionally silver was used for making coins and jewelries, in industry silver is mostly used in electric and machinery manufacture. Tin is good at ductility and erosion resistant, therefor be able to combine with other metals to form alloys on the surface of metals. Tin is resistant to erosion, the resultant of the reaction with organic acid and salts is non-toxic.

    Sample site:BaiyinchagandongshanSilver-tin multi-metallic mine, Xiwuzhumuqinqi, Inner Mongolia.


  • 铜矿石

    产地:内蒙古乌拉特后旗乌布拉格铜矿区
    规格:

    名称:铜矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为黄铜矿、黄铁矿,其次为磁黄铁矿、磁铁矿、辉铜矿、斑铜矿、黝铜矿等,局部含自然金、银金矿等。脉石矿物有石英、阳起石、方解石、钾长石等。

    成因类型:中低温火山热液型

    成矿时代:二叠纪,矿床赋存于二叠系下统火山岩和次火山岩中,容矿岩石主要为石英斑岩和英安质熔结火山角砾岩、流纹质火山角砾岩。

    主要用途:提取铜、金的主要矿石原料。

    采集地点:内蒙古乌拉特后旗乌布拉格铜矿区


    Name:OubulageCopper Ore

    Mineralogy:ore minerals dominated by chalcopyrite and pyrite, with subordinate pyrrhotite, magnetite, chalcocite, bornite and tetrahedrite, native gold and native gold and electrum. Gangue mineralsincludequartz,actinolite, calcite and potassium feldspar.

    Oregenesis:Meso-epithermal deposit.

    Age:Permian,the deposit is hosted in the lower Permian volcanics and intrusives, the ore-hosting rocks comprise mostly quartz porphyries, dacitic welded breccias and rhyoliticbreccias.

    Usage:source for extracting copper and gold.

    Sample site:Oubulage mine, Wulatehou, Inner Mongolia.


  • 铜矿石

    产地:内蒙古四子王- 1 -旗白乃庙铜矿区
    规格:

    名  称:铜矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为黄铜矿、黄铁矿,其次有斑铜矿、辉钼矿、磁铁矿、白钨矿、镜铁矿;脉石矿物主要为石英、绢云母、白云母、绿帘石、绿泥石、方解石等。

    成因类型:海相火山热液型

    成矿时代:早古生代

    主要用途:提取铜的主要矿石原料。铜广泛应用于国民经济的各部门中,铜在电气工业中用量最大,主要用于制造电线、电缆、电机设备等。

    采集地点:内蒙古四子王- 1 -旗白乃庙铜矿区


    Name:Copper Ore

    Mineralogy:Mostly chalcopyrite, pyrite, with subordinate bornite, molybdenite, magnetite, sheelite,specularite, gangue minerals include quartz, sericite, muscovite, epidote, chlorite, calcite, etc.

    Ore genesis:Submarine volcanic hydrothermal

    Age:Early Paleozoic

    Usage:Source for extracting copper. Copper is widely used in various sectors of national economy, mostly in electric industry, mainly for making wires, cables and electronic devices.

    Sample site:Bainaimiao copper mine, Siziwangqi, Inner Mongolia

  • 铅锌硫矿石

    产地:内蒙古乌拉特中旗甲生盘硫铅锌矿区
    规格:

    名  称:铅锌硫矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为磁黄铁矿、方铅矿、闪锌矿。脉石矿物为白云石、透辉石、方解石、透闪石、石英、绢云母等。

    成因类型:喷流沉积型

    成矿时代:中元古代

    主要用途:提取铅、锌、硫的主要矿石原料。铅主要用于汽车工业、化学工业、冶金工业。原子能工业中,铅可用来制作防辐射外罩。锌在工业上广泛用于制造各种合金;镀锌用以防止金属被腐蚀;高纯锌制造银-锌电池,用于飞机、宇宙飞船的电气仪表。

    采集地点:内蒙古乌拉特中旗甲生盘硫铅锌矿区


    Name:Lead-Zinc-Sulfur Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by pyrrhotite, galena and sphalerite. Gangue minerals include dolomite, diopside, calcite, tremolite, quartz and sericite. 

    Genesis:Exhalite.

    Age:Mesoproterozoic.

    Usage:For extracting lead, zinc and sulfur. Lead is mostly used in automobile, chemical, metallurgy industry, also used for making anti-radioactivity cover. Zinc is widely used in alloys, coating. High purity zinc is used in silver-zinc battery, and electric devices mounted on airplanes and spaceship.

    Sample site: Jiashengpan Sulfur-lead-zinc mine, Wulatezhongqi, Inner Mongolia.

  • 铁锌矿石

    产地:内蒙古东乌珠穆沁旗朝不楞铁多金属矿区
    规格:


    名 称:铁锌矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物以磁铁矿、闪锌矿为主,其次有镜铁矿、褐铁矿、磁黄铁矿、黄铁矿、白铁矿、黄铜矿等;脉石矿物以钙铁石榴子石、透辉石为主,其次为黑云母、角闪石、石英等。

    成因类型:矽卡岩型

    成矿时代:中生代(侏罗纪)

    主要用途:是选冶铁的主要矿石原料。可冶炼生铁、熟铁、铁合金、碳素钢、合金钢、特种钢等。锌在工业上广泛用于制造各种合金;镀锌用以防止金属被腐蚀;高纯锌可制造银-锌电池,用于飞机、宇宙飞船的电气仪表。

    采集地点:内蒙古东乌珠穆沁旗朝不楞铁多金属矿区


    Name:Iron-Zinc Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by magnetite and sphalerite, with subordinate specularite, limonite, pyrrhotite, pyrite, marcasite and chalcopyrite. Gangue minerals dominated by andradite and diopside, with subordinate biotite, amphibole and quartz.

    Ore genesis:skarn-type

    Age:Mesozoic(Jurassic)

    Usage:Raw material for steel and iron industry, could be used in manufacture of pig iron, wrought-iron, iron-alloy, carbon steel, alloy steel, special steel, etc. Zinc is widely used in industry for manufacture of alloys; Zinc coating can protect metals from rusting; High purity zinc can be used in Ag-Zn battery and electric devices in airplane and spaceship.

    Sample site:Chaobuleng iron and multi-metallic deposit, Dongwuzhumuqin, Inner Mongolia.


  • 硅化木

    产地:内蒙古霍林郭勒市霍林河煤矿区
    规格:


    名 称:硅化木

    成 因:硅化木又称木化石、树化玉,是地质历史时期被埋藏于地下的古乔木,经硅化作用形成,但保存其外部形态与内部结构。中生代陆相地层中的硅化木以松柏类为主,新生代地层中的硅化木则以被子植物为主。具有研究古环境及古植物的价值。

    层 位:下白垩统大磨拐河组

    采集地点:内蒙古霍林郭勒市霍林河煤矿区


    Name:Silicified Wood

    Genesis:Silicified wood is also called wood fossil or tree jade, which was formed by silicification of buried trees in geological history, which keeps the original textures of woods. The silicified wood in Mesozoic nonmarine sediments are mostly pine and cypress, whereas the Cenozoic sediments host mostly silicified angiosperm, there for significant for paleoenvironment and plant study.

    Stratigraphy:Damoguaihe Formation, the lower Cretaceous

    Sample site:Huolinhe coal mine, Inner Mongolia.

  • 佘太玉

    产地:
    规格:

    名称:佘太玉

    岩性:岩性为石英岩,成份为SiO2,摩氏硬度在6~7之间,因含有铬云母呈绿色。

    形成时代:地质时代属中元古代长城纪,距今16~18亿年。

    主要用途:可制作各类饰品、大型雕件。中国地质博物馆已有馆藏。

    采集地点:内蒙古乌拉特前旗大佘太地区


    Name:Shetai Jade

    Lithology:quartzite,Composition: SiO2,Moh’s hardness 6~7, Color: greenish for containing chromium mica.

    Age:Changcheng System, Moesoproterozoic, 1.6~1.8 Ga。

    Usage:Ornaments, carvingstonefor large sculptures. Collection kept in Chinese Geological Museum.

    Sample site:Dashetai, Wulateqianqi, Inner Mongolia.


  • 铅锌铜矿石

    产地:内蒙古巴林左旗浩布高铅锌矿区
    规格:

    名 称:铅锌铜矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为闪锌矿、方铅矿、黄铜矿、磁铁矿。脉石矿物以透辉石-钙铁辉石、石榴石为主。

    成因类型:矽卡岩型

    成矿时代:中生代

    主要用途:提取金属铅、锌、铜的主要矿石原料。铅广泛应用于各种工业,大量用于制造铅酸电池;原子能工业中用于制造防辐射外罩。锌在工业上广泛用于制造各种合金;锌的另一个用途是大量用来镀锌,用以防止金属被腐蚀。铜在电气工业中用量最大,主要用于制造电线、电缆、电机设备;此外,在国防、机械制造、有机化工及工艺美术、农业中均有使用。

    采集地点:内蒙古巴林左旗浩布高铅锌矿区。


    Name:Lead- Zinc- Copper Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by sphalerite, galena, chalcopyrite and magnetite, gangue minerals dominated by diopside-hedenbergite and garnet.

    Ore genesis:Skarn

    Age:Mesozoic

    Usage:Major raw materials for extracting lead, zinc and copper. Lead is widely used industry, largely for lead acidic battery; in atomic industry lead is used for manufacture of anti-radioactivity coat. Zic is used in alloys, and zinc coating to protect metals from rusting. Copper is largely used in electric industry, mostly for manufacture of wires, cables and electric devices. Other usages include defense industry, manufacture, organic chemistry, arts and agriculture.

    Sample site:HaobugaoPb-Zn mine, Balinzuo, Inner Mongolia



  • 萤石矿石

    产地:内蒙古四子王旗苏木查干敖包萤石矿区
    规格:


    名 称:萤石矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要由不同粒径结构的萤石(CaF2)组成,萤石高达95%。萤石呈灰白色、萤褐色、浅绿色。脉石矿物主要为石英。

    成因类型:热液型

    成矿时代:二叠纪

    主要用途:冶金工业中用于冶炼钢铁的助熔剂,化学工业中用于制取氢氟酸及氟树脂、氟橡胶、氟涂料等氟化工产品。

    采集地点:内蒙古四子王旗苏木查干敖包萤石矿区


    Name:Fluorite Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals consist of 95% fluorite(CaF2), with variegated grain size. The fluorite is grey, brownish, or light green-colored. Gangue mineral consist mostly of quartz.

    Genesis:Hydrothermal.

    Age:Permian

    Usage:In metallurgy, used as cosolvent. In chemical industry used for making hydrofluoric acid, fluororesin, fluororubber, fluoro-coating, etc.

    Sample site:Sumochaganaobao, Siziwangqi, Inner Mongolia.



  • 铁、铌、稀土矿石

    产地:内蒙古白云鄂博铁铌稀土矿区
    规格:

    名 称:铁、铌、稀土矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物组成复杂,铁矿物主要有磁铁矿,赤铁矿、镜铁矿等;稀土矿物主要有独居石、氟碳铈矿,氟碳铈钡矿等;铌矿物主要有铌铁金红石、铌铁矿、烧绿石、易解石等。脉石矿物主要有白云石、石英、黑云母及钠长石,其次有萤石、钠辉石,钠闪石、重晶石、磷灰石等。

    成因类型:海相喷流沉积型

    成矿时代:中元古代长城纪(长城系白云鄂博群)

    主要用途:提取铁、铌、轻稀土的主要矿石。铁、铌、轻稀土在冶金、石油化工、原子能、电气工业等方面用途广泛。

    采集地点:内蒙古白云鄂博铁铌稀土矿区



    Name:Fe-Nb-REE Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore mineralogy is complicated. Iron minerals are dominated by magnetite, hematite and specularite. REE minerals include mostly monazite bastnaesite, cebaite, etc. niobium minerals include ilmenorutile, niobite, pyrochlore, aeschynite, etc. Gangue minerals include dolomite, quartz, biotite and albite, with subordinate fluorite, acmite, crocidolite, barite, apatite, etc.

    Ore genesis:Submarine exhalation.

    Age:Mesoproterozoic Changcheng System (Bayan Obo Group)

    Usage:Source for extracting iron, niobium and light REE. These elements are widely used in metallurgy, chemical, atomic and electric industries.

    Sample site:Bayan Obo, Inner Mongolia.



  • 韧性变形

    产地:内蒙古察哈尔右翼中旗新地沟金矿区
    规格:

    名 称:韧性变形

    岩 性:揉皱状糜棱岩化阳起绿泥片岩

    成 因:在伸展体制下,矿物发生塑性定向变形而成,具有容矿的作用,是寻找韧性剪切带型金矿的找矿标志,亦是研究构造运动的依据。

    采集地点:内蒙古察哈尔右翼中旗新地沟金矿区




    Name:Ductile Deformation

    Lithology:Mylonitized actinolite schist.

    Genesis:During stretching of rocks, the minerals underwent orientated ductile deformation, which could create rooms for ore host. Therefore the structure is used as indicator for exploration of ductile shear zone type gold deposits, also be an clue showing the direction of tectonic movement.

    Sample site:Xidigou, Chahaeryouyizhongqi, Inner Mongolia.



  • 金矿石

    产地:内蒙古察哈尔右翼中旗新地沟金矿区
    规格:

    名 称:金矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为黄铁矿,含有黄铜矿、方铅矿、闪锌矿等,显微镜下可见自然金、银金矿。脉石矿物主要为石英,其次为绢云母、绿泥石、方解石等。

    成因类型:绿岩型

    成矿时代:新太古代

    主要用途:是提取金的主要矿石原料。金主要作为国家的硬通货储备和制作装饰品。广泛应用于珠宝业。黄金及其合金在电子、电气、医疗、化工设备、宇航及国防尖端工业中具有特殊用途。

    采集地点:内蒙古察哈尔右翼中旗新地沟金矿区



    Name:Gold Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by pyrite, containing chalcopyrite, galena, sphalerite, etc. Native gold and silver visible under microscope. Gangue minerals comprise mostly quartz, with subordinate sericite, chlorite, calcite, etc.

    Genesis:Greenstone type.

    Age:Neoarchaen.

    Usage:Major source for extracting gold. Gold is mainly used as hard currency reserve and ornament. Gold and its alloys are of special usages in electric, electronic, medical, chemical industry, spaceship and defense industries.

    Sample site:Xindigou, Chahaeryouyizhongqi, Inner Mongolia.



  • 钼矿石

    产地:内蒙古巴林左旗二道营子钼矿区
    规格:


    名 称:钼矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为辉钼矿,可见方铅矿、闪锌矿、黄铜矿、黄铁矿;脉石矿物主要为石英、绿泥石、绢云母、方解石及萤石等。

    成因类型:热液型

    成矿时代:中生代

    主要用途:提取钼的主要矿石原料。金属钼是冶金、电气、化工、航空和航天等制造业中不可缺少的原料。钼在冶金工业上,用作生产各种合金钢的添加剂,并能与钨、镍、钴、锆、钛等组成高级合金。金属钼大量用作高温电炉的发热材料和结构材料,因钼的热中子俘获截面小、具高持久强度,还可用作核反应堆的结构材料。

    采集地点:内蒙古巴林左旗二道营子钼矿区



    Name:Molybdenum Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by molybdenite, with visible galena, sphalerite, chalcopyrite and pyrite. Gangue minerals consist mostly of quartz, chlorite, sericite, calcite and fluorite.

    Ore genesis:Hydrothermal

    Age:Mesozoic

    Usage:Major source for extracting molybdenum. Molybdenum is essential raw material for metallurgy, electric industry, aero and space industry. In metallurgy molybdenum is used for making alloys, combined with tungsten, nickel, cobalt, zirconium, titanium, etc. Molybdenum is also used as exothermic and structural material in high temperature electric furnace. As molybdenum has small truncated area of thermal neutron capture and long lasting strength, it could be used in nuclear reactor as structural material.

    Sample site:Erdaoyingzi, Balinzuoqi, Inner Mongolia



  • 锌铜矿石

    产地:内蒙古克什克腾旗维拉斯托锌铜矿区
    规格:

    名 称:锌铜矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为黄铜矿、闪锌矿、黄铁矿等。脉石矿物主要为石英,其次为方解石、萤石、伊利石等。

    成因类型:岩浆热液型

    成矿时代:中生代

    主要用途:是提炼金属锌、金属铜的主要矿石原料。锌在工业上广泛用于制造各种合金;锌的另一个用途是大量用来镀锌。铜在电气工业中用量最大,主要用于制造电线、电缆、电机设备;此外,在国防、机械制造、有机化工及工艺美术、农业中均有使用。

    采集地点:内蒙古克什克腾旗维拉斯托锌铜矿区



    Name:Zinc-Copper Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by chalcopyrite, sphalerite and pyrite. Gangue minerals consist mostly of quartz, with subordinate calcite, fluorite, illite, etc.

    Genesis:Magmatic hydrothermal

    Age:Mesozoic

    Usage:Major source for extracting zinc and copper. Zinc is largely used for making alloys, for plating. Copper is mostly used in electric industry, for making wires, cables and devices. Copper is also used in defense, machinery, organic chemistry, arts and crafts and agriculture.

    Sample site:Weilasituo Zinc-copper mine, Keshiketeng, Inner Mongolia.


  • 钼矿石

    产地:内蒙古阿鲁科尔沁旗敖伦花铜钼矿区
    规格:


    名 称:钼矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为辉钼矿、黄铜矿,其次有斑铜矿、闪锌矿、方铅矿等。脉石矿物主要为石英、角闪石、透闪石等,少量的方解石、长石、阳起石等。

    成因类型:斑岩型

    形成时代:早白垩世

    主要用途:主要是提炼金属钼、铜的主要矿石原料。铜在电气工业中用量最大;同时在国防、机械制造、有机化工及工艺美术、农业中均有使用。金属钼是冶金、电气、化工、航空和航天等制造业中不可缺少的原料。

    采集地点:内蒙古阿鲁科尔沁旗敖伦花铜钼矿区



    Name:Molybdenum Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by molybdenite and chalcopyrite, with subordinate bornite, sphalerite and galena. Gangue minerals consist mostly of quartz, amphibole and tremolite, with minor calcite, feldspar and actinolite.

    Ore genesis:Porphyry type

    Age:Early Cretaceous.

    Usage:Major source for extracting molybdenum and copper. Copper is mostly used in electronic industry, also used in defense industry, machinery manufacture, organic chemistry aero and space industry, metallurgy, and arts and crafts.

    Sample site:Aolunhua Copper-molybdenum Mine, Alukeerqin, Inner Mongolia


  • 铅锌矿石

    产地:内蒙古东乌珠穆沁旗阿尔哈达铅锌矿区
    规格:

    名 称:铅锌矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为方铅矿、闪锌矿、自然银、辉银矿,其次次为黄铁矿、毒砂、磁黄铁矿、黄铜矿、辉铜矿。脉石矿物有绿泥石、石英、高岭土、绢云母、方解石、萤石等。

    成因类型:热液型

    成矿时代:中生代

    主要用途:是提取铅锌金属的主要矿石原料。铅广泛应用于各种工业,大量用于制造铅酸电池;原子能工业中用于制造防辐射外罩;化学工业和冶金工业中,铅常用以制造管件和设备的防腐内衬;国防工业中用来制造弹头。锌在工业上广泛用于制造各种合金;锌的另一个用途是大量用来镀锌,用以防止金属被腐蚀。

    采集地点:内蒙古东乌珠穆沁旗阿尔哈达铅锌矿区



    Name:Lead- Zinc Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by galena, sphalerite, native silver and argentite, with subordinate pyrite, arsenopyrite, pyrrhotite, chalcopyrite and chalcocite.

    Genesis:Hydrothermal

    Age:Mesozoic

    Usage:Major source for extracting lead and zinc. Lead is largely used for making lead acidic battery. In atomic industry, lead is used for radiation proof. In chemical and metallurgy industry lead is used in lining of pipes and devices to protect metals from erosion. Also used in bullet, alloys and plating.

    Sample site:Aerhada, Wuzhumuqin, Inner Mongolia.


  • 钼矿石

    产地:内蒙古卓资县大苏计钼矿区
    规格:

    名 称:钼矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为辉钼矿,其次为方铅矿、闪锌矿、黄铁矿、磁铁矿;脉石矿物主要为石英、钾长石、斜长石、绢云母,其次为高岭石、绿泥石、黑云母、方解石、萤石等。

    成因类型:斑岩型

    成矿时代:三叠纪

    主要用途:是提取钼的主要矿石原料。金属钼是冶金、电气、化工、航空和航天等制造业中不可缺少的原料。

    采集地点:内蒙古卓资县大苏计钼矿区



    Name:Molybdenum Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by molybdenite, with subordinate galena, sphalerite, pyrite and magnetite. Gangue minerals consist mostly of quartz, potassium feldspar, plagioclase and sericite, with subordinate kaolinite, chlorite, biotite, calcite, fluorite, etc.

    Ore Genesis:Porphyry type

    Age:Triassic

    Usage:Major source for extracting molybdenum,. Molybdenum is essential raw material for metallurgy, electric, chemical , aero and space industry.

    Sample site:Dasuji Molybdenum, Zhuozi, Inner Mongolia.


  • 磷矿石

    产地:内蒙古敖汉旗二道沟矿区
    规格:

    名 称:磷矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为磷灰石、磁铁矿;脉石矿物为斜长石、角闪石、黑云母及榍石。

    成因类型:沉积变质型

    成矿时代:新太古代(新太古界建平群)

    主要用途:是提取磷的主要矿石原料。磷是主要的化工原料,用途广泛,是制造磷肥、黄磷、含磷复合肥、磷酸盐等产品的主要来源。

    采集地点:内蒙古敖汉旗二道沟矿区



    Name:Phosphorite

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by apatite and magnetite; Gangue minerals consist mostly of plagioclase, amphibole, biotite and sphene.

    Genesis:Meta-sediments

    Age:Neoarchaen

    Usage:Major source for extracting phosphor. Phosphor is a principal material for chemical industry, which is used for producing phosphorous fertilizer, yellow phosphor, phosphorous compound fertilizer, phosphates, etc.

    Sample site:Erdaogou, Aohanqi, Inner Mongolia


  • 银矿石

    产地:内蒙古林西县白音额勒布银铅锌矿区
    规格:


    名 称:银矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为自然银、辉银矿、方铅矿、闪锌矿,含少量毒砂;脉石矿物主要为石英、方解石、高岭土,含少量绢云母、绿泥石、绿帘石。

    成因类型:热液型

    成矿时代:晚古生代

    主要用途:提取金属银的主要矿石原料。银的用途较为广泛,传统上制造货币和首饰。在工业上银多用在电子和机械制造业。银还用于能源工业、医药领域。

    采集地点:内蒙古林西县白音额勒布银铅锌矿区



    Name:Silver Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by native silver, argentite, galena and sphalerite, with minor arsenopyrite; Gangue minerals comprise mostly quartz, calcite and kaolinite, with minor amount of sericite, chlorite and epidote.

    Genesis:Hydrothermal

    Age:Late Paleozoic

    Usage:Major source for extracting silver. Silver can be used in a wide range of areas, traditionally for coins and jewelries, in industry mostly used in electronic and machinery manufecture. Also used in energy and medical fields.

    Sample site:Baiyinelebu lead-zinc Mine, Linxi, Inner Mongolia.


  • 铜矿石

    产地:内蒙古西乌珠穆沁旗道伦达坝铜矿区
    规格:

    名 称:铜矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为黄铜矿、磁黄铁矿,其次有锡石、黑钨矿、毒砂、黝铜矿、砷黝铜矿、黝锡矿、闪锌矿、方铅矿等。脉石矿物为石英、萤石、长石、绢云母、绿泥石、碳酸盐等。

    成因类型:热液型

    成矿时代:中生代

    主要用途:用于提取金属铜。铜在电气工业中用量最大,主要用于制造电线、电缆、电机设备;此外,在国防、机械制造、有机化工及工艺美术、农业中均有使用。

    采集地点:内蒙古西乌珠穆沁旗道伦达坝铜矿区



    Name:Copper Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by chalcopyrite and pyrrhotite, with subordinate cassiterite, wolframite, arsenopyrite, tetrahedrite, tennatite, stannite, sphalerite, galena, etc. Gangue minerals include quartz, fluorite, feldspar, sericite, chlorite and carbonates.

    Genesisi:Hydrothermal

    Age:Mesozoic.

    Usage:Used in extracting copper. Copper is mostly consumed in wires, cables, and electric devices. On the other hand, it is also used in defense, machinery manufacture, organic chemical industry and agriculture.

    Sample site:Daolundabei cooper mine, Inner Mongolia


  • 银锡矿石

    产地:内蒙古西乌珠穆沁旗白音查干东山银锡多金属矿区
    规格:

    名 称:银锡矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为辉银矿、方铅矿、闪锌矿、锡石,其次为黄铜矿、黄铁矿、银黝铜矿;脉石矿物主要为石英、绿泥石及绢云母,少量白云石、黑云母及高岭石。

    成因类型:脉状热液型

    成矿时代:早白垩世

    主要用途:提取银、锡、铅、锌的主要矿石原料。银的用途较为广泛,传统上制造货币和首饰;在工业上银多用在电子和机械制造业。锡具有展性强、防锈、耐腐蚀等特性,锡能够同其他金属及类金属形成各种合金,易于镀在许多金属表面,特别是锡的表面耐蚀不锈,同有机酸及盐类反应的生成无毒。

    采集地点:内蒙古西乌珠穆沁旗白音查干东山银锡多金属矿区



    Name:Silver- Tin Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by argentite, galena, sphalerite and cassiterite, with minor chalcopyrite, pyrite and freibergite. Gangue minerals include mostly quartz, chlorite and sericite, with minor amount of muscovite, biotite and kaolinite.

    Genesis:Hydrothermal veins.

    Age:Early Cretaceous.

    Usage:Major source for extracting silver, tin, lead and zinc. The usage of silver covers large area. Traditionally silver was used for making coins and jewelries, in industry silver is mostly used in electric and machinery manufacture. Tin is good at ductility and erosion resistant, therefor be able to combine with other metals to form alloys on the surface of metals. Tin is resistant to erosion, the resultant of the reaction with organic acid and salts is non-toxic.

    Sample site:Baiyinchagandongshan Silver-tin multi-metallic mine, Xiwuzhumuqinqi, Inner Mongolia.


  • 铅锌矿石

    产地:内蒙古阿鲁科尔沁旗敖包吐铅锌矿区
    规格:

    名 称:铅锌矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为方铅矿、闪锌矿、黄铁矿,含有少量黄铜矿、辉锑矿等。脉石矿物主要为石英、绢云母等。

    成因类型:热液型

    成矿时代:晚侏罗世

    主要用途:提取铅、锌的主要矿石原料。铅广泛应用于各种工业,大量用于制造铅酸电池;原子能工业中用于制造防辐射外罩。锌在工业上广泛用于制造各种合金;锌的另一个用途是大量用来镀锌,用以防止金属被腐蚀。

    采集地点:内蒙古阿鲁科尔沁旗敖包吐铅锌矿区



    Name:Lead- Zinc Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by galena, sphalerite and pyrite, with minor chalcopyrite and stibnite. Gangue minerals comprise mainly quartz and sericite.

    Genesis:Hydrothermal

    Age:Late Jurassic.

    Usage:Major source for extracting lead and zinc. Lead is widely used in industry, largely used in making lead acidic battery. In atomic industry lead is used for making radiation proof cover. Zinc is widely used in making alloys, also for plating to protect metals from erosion.

    Sample site:Aobaotu lead -zinc mine, Alukeerqinqi, Inner Mongolia.


  • 银矿石

    产地:
    规格:

    名 称:银矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为辉银矿、自然银,其次为银黝铜矿、辉铜银矿、角银矿、银金矿等;其它金属矿物主要为闪锌矿、方铅矿、黄铁矿等。脉石矿物主要为石英、绢云母、高岭土、方解石、萤石等。

    成因类型:热液型

    成矿时代:中生代

    主要用途:提取银的主要矿石原料。银的用途较为广泛,传统上制造货币和首饰。在工业上银多用在电子和机械制造业、能源工业。硝酸银在医药上用作消毒剂和防腐剂。卤化银是重要的感光材料。碘化银可以用于人工降雨。



    Name:Silver Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by argentite and native silver, with subordinate freibergite, jalpaite, kerargyrite, electrum, etc..

    Genesis:Hydrothermal

    Age:Mesozoic

    Usage:Major source for extracting silver. Silver is widely used, traditionally for coins and jewelry. In industry silver is mostly used in electric and machinery manufacture, and in energy sector. Silver nitrate is used in disinfectant and preservatives. Silver halite is important for making photosensitive materials. Silver iodide is useful for creating artificial rainfall.


  • 铅锌矿石

    产地:内蒙古西乌珠穆沁旗花敖包特铅锌银矿区
    规格:


    名 称:铅锌矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为闪锌矿、方铅矿、辉银矿,其次为黄铜矿、黄铁矿、辉锑矿、硫铜锑矿、辉铜矿等。脉石矿物有石英、方解石、蛇纹石、绿泥石、萤石、角闪石等。

    成因类型:热液充填型

    成矿时代:早白垩世

    主要用途:用于提炼金属铅、金属锌。铅广泛应用于各种工业,原子能工业中用于制造防辐射外罩;化学和冶金工业中,铅常用以制造管件和设备的防腐内衬;国防工业中用来制造弹头;电气工业中可用来制作电缆包皮和熔断保险丝。锌在工业上广泛用于制造各种合金。高纯度锌可制造的银-锌电池,用于飞机和宇宙飞船的电气仪表。

    采集地点:内蒙古西乌珠穆沁旗花敖包特铅锌银矿区



    Name:Lead- Zinc Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by sphalerite, galena and argentite, with subordinate chalcopyrite, pyrite, stibnite, chalcostibite, chalcocite, etc. Gangue minerals comprise mostly quartz, calcite, serpentine, chlorite, fluorite, amphibole, etc.

    Genesis:Hydrothermal filling.

    Age:Early Cretaceous.

    Usage:For extracting lead and zinc. Lead is widely used in industry. In atomic industry lead is used in making radiation-proof cover, in chemical and metallurgy industry lead is used in linings of pipes and devices; bullet is made up of lead, and in electric industry lead is used for making cables and fuse. Zinc is also widely used in making alloys, silver-zinc battery and electric devices mounted on aircrafts and spaceships.

    Sample site:Huaaobaote, Xiwuzhumuqinqi, Inner Mongolia.


  • 铜矿石

    产地:内蒙古林西县大井子铜矿区
    规格:

    名 称:铜矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为黄铜矿、锡石、黄铁矿,其次为铁闪锌矿、方铅矿、斑铜矿、银黝铜矿、黝铜矿、磁黄铁矿。脉石矿物主要为石英、绿帘石、方解石、绿泥石。

    成因类型:脉状热液型

    成矿时代:中生代

    主要用途:主要用于提取金属铜。铜被广泛应用于国民经济的各部门中。主要用于制造电线、电缆、电机设备,此外,在国防、机械制造、有机化工及工艺美术、农业中均有使用。

    采集地点:内蒙古林西县大井子铜矿区



    Name:Copper Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by chalcopyrite, cassiterite and pyrite, with subordinate iron sphalerite, galena, bornite, freibergite, tetrahedrite and pyrrhotite. Gangue minerals comprise mostly quartz, epidote, calcite and chlorite.

    Genesis:Hydrothermal vein.

    Age:Mesozoic.

    Usage:Mainly for extracting copper. Copper is widely used in various sector of industry. Mostly used for making wires, cables, electric devices. Also used in defense industry, machinery manufacture, organic chemical industry, arts and crafts, agriculture, etc.

    Sample site:Dajingzi Copper mine, Linxi, Inner Mongolia.


  • 玫瑰红大理岩

    产地:内蒙古奈曼旗
    规格:

    名 称:玫瑰红大理岩

    矿物成分:主要矿物成分为方解石,含少量透闪石、白云母、白云石、绿泥石等矿物。因局部含少量铁质呈玫瑰色而得名。

    成 因:沉积变质

    层 位:石炭系上统石咀子组

    主要用途:饰面用石材,工业用水泥原料。

    采集地点:内蒙古奈曼旗



    Name:Rosy Marble

    Mineralogy:Mostly consist of calcite, with minor tremolite, muscovite, dolomite, chlorite, etc. The rosy color comes from iron impurity.

    Genesis:Metasediments

    Stratigraphy:Shizuizi Formation, Upper Permian

    Usage:Dimension stone, source for cement.

    Sample site:Namanqi, Inner Mongolia


  • 中华麦饭石

    产地:内蒙古奈曼旗平顶山
    规格:

    名 称:中华麦饭石石

    岩 性:蚀变黑云石英二长闪长岩。

    形成时代:侏罗纪

    主要用途:最早记载麦饭石的是唐代文学家、哲学家刘禹锡,以后宋代医学家马嗣明、苏颂具有论述。明代李时珍在《本草纲目》论述麦饭石“甘温无毒,主治一切痈疽背发”。麦饭石被认为含有人体所需可溶性微量元素组合,具有一定的保健作用,曾认为麦饭石微粉具有一定的吸附能力,能净化水质,可做食品添加剂和保鲜剂,水及液体的矿化剂和净化剂,化妆品填料,饲料及农肥添加剂,除臭剂。需要说明的是以上所列用途均尚无现代动物与人类科学实验的充分依据,不能作为科学的定论。

    采集地点:内蒙古奈曼旗平顶山



    Name:Medical Stone

    Lithology:Altered biotite quartz diorite.

    Age:Jurassic

    Usage:The earliest documentation of the Chinese medical stone is from Liu Yuxi, a litterateur and philosopher of the Tang Dynasty. This was followed by medical scientists Ma Siming and Su Song of Song Dynasty. Li Shizhen, of the Ming Dynasty wrote that the medical stone is of sweet and warm nature, no-toxic, and can relieve fever. It is believed that the medical stone contains essential dissoluble trace elements demanded by human body and is therefore be helpful for health. It is also suggested that the stone powder is of absorption nature, and could be used in purifying water and additives to foods and drinks, cosmetics, feed, fertilizers and deodorizer.

    Sample site:Pingdingshan, Namanqi, Inner Mongolia.


  • 铅锌矿石

    产地:内蒙古根河市比利亚谷铅锌矿区
    规格:


    名 称:铅锌矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要有方铅矿、闪锌矿,其次有黄铁矿、黄铜矿、褐铁矿。脉石矿物主要有石英、绿泥石、碳酸盐矿物、粘土矿物等。

    成因类型:热液型

    成矿时代:侏罗纪

    主要用途:提取铅、锌的主要矿石原料。铅广泛应用于各种工业,大量用于制造铅酸电池;原子能工业中用于制造防辐射外罩。锌在工业上广泛用于制造各种合金;锌的另一个用途是大量用来镀锌,用以防止金属被腐蚀。

    采集地点:内蒙古根河市比利亚谷铅锌矿区



    Nmae:Lead- Zinc Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by galena and sphalerite, with subordinate pyrite, chalcopyrite and limonite. Gangue minerals comprise mostly quartz, chlorite, carbonates and clay minerals.

    Genesis:Hydrothermal

    Age:Jurassic

    Usage:Major source for extracting lead and zinc. Lead is widely used industry. Largely used in lead acidic battery, and radiation-proof cover in atomic industry. Zinc is widely used in alloys and zinc plating to protect metals from erosion.

    Sample site:Biliyagu, Genhe, Inner Mongolia.




  • 铅锌矿石

    产地:内蒙古根河市三河铅锌矿区
    规格:

    名 称:铅锌矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要有方铅矿、闪锌矿、黄铁矿,其次有黄铜矿、菱铁矿、针铁矿。脉石矿物以石英为主,其次为方解石、绢云母、绿泥石、萤石、高岭石、明矾石等。

    成因类型:中低温火山热液型

    成矿时代:侏罗纪

    主要用途:冶炼铅、锌金属的主要原料,铅主要用于汽车工业、化学工业、冶金工业、原子能工业。锌在工业上广泛用于制造各种合金,镀锌用以防止金属被腐蚀。

    采集地点:内蒙古根河市三河铅锌矿区



    Name:Lead- Zinc Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by galena, sphalerite and pyrite, with subordinate chalcopyrite, siderite and goethite. Gangue minerals comprise mostly quartz, with subordinate calcite, sericite, chlorite, fluorite, kaolinite, alunite, etc.

    Genesis:Mesothermal-epithermal

    Age:Jurassic

    Usage:Major source for extracting lead and zinc. Lead is mostly used in automobile, chemical, metallurgy, atomic industry. Zinc is widely used in alloys and zinc plating to protect metals from erosion.

    Sample site:Sanhe Lead zinc mine, Genhe, Inner Mongolia



  • 铅锌矿石

    产地:内蒙古根河市三道桥铅锌矿区
    规格:


    名 称:铅锌矿石

    矿石矿物:矿石矿物主要有方铅矿、闪锌矿,其次有黄铁矿、黄铜矿、菱铁矿、针铁矿。脉石矿物以石英为主,其次为方解石、绿泥石、绢云母、萤石、高岭石、明矾石等。

    成因类型:热液型

    成矿时代:侏罗纪

    主要用途:冶炼铅、锌金属的主要原料,铅主要用于汽车工业、化学工业、冶金工业、原子能工业。锌在工业上广泛用于制造各种合金,镀锌用以防止金属被腐蚀。

    采集地点:内蒙古根河市三道桥铅锌矿区



    Name:Lead- Zinc Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by galena and sphalerite, with subordinate pyrite, chalcopyrite, siderite and goethite. Gangue minerals consist mostly of quartz, with subordinate calcite, chlorite, sericite, fluorite, kaolinite and alunite.

    Genesis:hydrothermal

    Age:Jurassic

    Usage:Major source for extracting lead and zinc. Lead is mostly used in automobile, chemical, metallurgy, atomic industry. Zinc is widely used in alloys and zinc plating to protect metals from erosion.

    Sample site:Sandaoqiao, Genhe, Inner Mongolia.



  • 铁锌矿石

    产地:内蒙古陈巴尔虎旗谢尔塔拉铁锌矿区
    规格:

    名 称:铁锌矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为磁铁矿、闪锌矿、黄铁矿,其次有穆磁铁矿、赤铁矿、黄铜矿、方铅矿等。脉石矿物主要为石榴石、钙铁辉石、绿帘石、绿泥石、方解石、石英等。

    成因类型:火山热液型

    成矿时代:晚古生代

    主要用途:提取铁、锌的主要矿石原料。铁是钢铁工业的基本原料,广泛应用于国民经济的各个部门和人们日常生活的各个方面。锌在工业上广泛用于制造各种合金;镀锌用以防止金属被腐蚀;高纯锌制造银-锌电池,用于飞机、宇宙飞船的电气仪表。

    采集地点:内蒙古陈巴尔虎旗谢尔塔拉铁锌矿区



    Name:Iron-Zinc Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by magnetite, sphalerite, and pyrite, with subordinate moor magnetite, hematite, chalcopyrite, galena, etc. Gangue minerals mostly consist of garnet, hedenbergite, epidote, chlorite, calcite and quartz.

    Ore genesis:Volcanic hydrothermal.

    Age:Late Paleozoic

    Usage:Major source for extracting iron and zinc. Iron is the basic material of iron and steel industry, which is widely used in various national economic sectors and domestic products. Zinc is widely used in making alloys, plating against erosion. High purity zinc can be used in making silver-zinc battery. Also used in electric devices of aircrafts, spaceship.

    Sample site:Xieertala Iron Mine, Xinbaerhuqi, Inner Mongolia.


  • 银矿石

    产地:内蒙古新巴尔虎右旗额仁陶勒盖银矿区
    规格:


    名 称:银矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为辉银矿、角银矿,次为银黝铜矿、自然银、自然金、黄铁矿、方铅矿、闪锌矿等。脉石矿物主要有石英、长石等。

    成因类型:中--低温脉状热液型

    成矿时代:侏罗纪

    主要用途:是提取银金属的主要矿石原料,广泛用于制造货币、首饰,工业上多用于电子和机械制造。

    采集地点:内蒙古新巴尔虎右旗额仁陶勒盖银矿区



    Name:Silver Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by argentite and cerargyrite, with subordinate freibergite, native silver, native gold, pyrite, galena, sphalerite, etc. Gangue minerals consist mostly of quartz and feldspar.

    Ore genesis:Mesothermal-epithermal.

    Age:Jurassic

    Usage:Major source for extracting silver. Silver is widely used in coins, jewelry, electric industry and machine manufacture.

    Sample site:Erentaolegai, Xinbaerhuyouqi, Inner Mongolia.


  • 铅锌矿石

    产地:内蒙古新巴尔虎右旗查干布拉根铅锌矿区
    规格:

    名 称:铅锌矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为方铅矿、闪锌矿、黄铁矿、黄铜矿,其次为磁铁矿、磁黄铁矿、毒砂、斑铜矿等。脉石矿物为石英、方解石、白云石、绿帘石等。

    成因类型:热液型

    成矿时代:白垩纪

    主要用途:是提取铅、锌金属的主要矿石原料。铅广泛应用于各种工业,大量用于制造铅酸电池;原子能工业中用于制造防辐射外罩;化学工业和冶金工业中,铅常用以制造管件和设备的防腐内衬;国防工业中用来制造弹头。锌在工业上广泛用于制造各种合金;锌的另一个用途是大量用来镀锌,用以防止金属被腐蚀。

    采集地点:内蒙古新巴尔虎右旗查干布拉根铅锌矿区



    Name:Lead- Zinc Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore mineral dominated by galena, sphalerite, pyrite,矿chalcopyrite, with subordinate magnetite, pyrrhotite, arsenopyrite, bornite, etc. Gangue minerals include quartz, calcite, dolomite and epidote.

    Genesis:Hydrothermal.

    Age:Cretaceous.

    Usage:Major source for extracting lead and zinc. Lead is widely used in industry, largely in lead acidic battery-making; as radiation proof material in atomic industry; manufacture of erosion-proof lining in pipes and equipment;bullet in defense industry. Zinc is widely used in alloys, also for zinc plating to protect metals from erosion.

    Sample site:Chaganbulagen, Xinbaerhuyouqi, Inner Mongolia.



  • 铜钼矿

    产地:内蒙古新巴尔虎右旗乌奴格吐山铜钼矿区
    规格:

    名 称:铜钼矿石 

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要有黄铜矿、辉钼矿,其次有斑铜矿、辉铜矿、黝铜矿、闪锌矿。脉石矿物主要有石英、钾长石、斜长石、绢云母,其次为伊利石、水白云母,少量方解石、金红石、硬石膏、萤石、高岭石、褐帘石等。

    成因类型:斑岩型

    成矿时代:侏罗纪

    主要用途:是提取铜、钼的主要矿石原料。铜在电气工业中用量最大;同时在国防、机械制造、有机化工及工艺美术、农业中均有使用。金属钼是冶金、电气、化工、航空和航天等制造业中不可缺少的原料。

    采集地点:内蒙古新巴尔虎右旗乌奴格吐山铜钼矿区



    Name:Copper-Molybdenum Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by pyrite, molybdenite, with subordinate bornite, chalcocite, tetrahedrite, and sphalerite. Gangue minerals consist mostly of quartz, potassium feldspar, plagioclase, ande sericite, with subordinate illite, hydromuscovite, and minor amount of calcite, rutile, anhydrite, fluorite, Kaolinite, alunite, etc.

    Genesis:Porphyry

    Age:Jurassic

    Usage:Major source for extracting copper and molybdenum. Copper is mostly used in electric industry, also used in defense , mechine manufacture, organic chemistry, art and crafts, and agriculture. Molybdenum is important raw material for metallurgy, electric industry, chemical industry and aerospace industry.

    Sample site:Wunugetushan, Xinbaerhuyouqi, Inner Mongolia.



  • 天河石化花岗岩

    产地:内蒙古武川县赵井沟铌钽矿区
    规格:

    名 称:天河石花岗岩

    成分特征:岩性为天河石化花岗岩。天河石别称为微斜长石、亚马逊石,化学式为K[AlSi3O8],含有Rb和Cs(置换化学式中的K)而成蓝色、蓝绿色,摩氏硬度在6~6.5之间,玻璃光泽、不透明,折射率:1.522~1.530。

    形成时代:侏罗纪

    主要用途:天河石是寻找稀有金属矿的指示矿物;亦可用作各类饰品、雕刻品。

    采集地点:内蒙古武川县赵井沟铌钽矿区



    Name:Amazonite Granite

    Characteristics:Amazonite granite contains amazonite, also named as microcline, with chemical formula as K[AlSi3O8]. Rb- and Cs-bearing(substituting K), giving rise to the color of blue and bluish green. Moh’s hardness 6~6.5, glass cluster, opaque, with refractive index of 1.522~1.530.

    Age:Jurassic

    Usage:amazonite is indicator for exploration of rare metals. The mineral could be used as ornamental stone and carving stone.

    Sample site:Zhaojinggou, Wuchuan, Inner Mongolia.



  • 冶镁白云岩矿石

    产地:内蒙古固阳县阿塔山
    规格:

    名 称:冶镁白云岩矿石  

    矿石成分:矿石成分主要为白云石,镁含量20%,含少量方解石、粘土矿物。白云岩外观与石灰岩相似,但风化面上常见刀砍纹,是与石灰岩区别的主要特征。

    成 因:海相沉积

    层 位:中元古代增隆昌组

    主要用途:提炼金属镁,冶金熔剂及耐火材料,医药化工方面用于生产泻利盐,制作饲料添加剂。

    采集地点:内蒙古固阳县阿塔山



    Name:Magnesiodolomite Ore

    Composition:Mostly composed of dolomite, containing 20% magnesium. With minor calcite and clay minerals. Dolomite looks similar to limestone, but can be distinguished from the latter by that dolomite has cut marks on the surface, resulted from weathering.

    Genesis:Marine sedimentation.

    Stratigraphy:Zenglongchang Formation, Mesoproterozoic.

    Usage:For extracting magnesium, metallurgy solvents and refractory materials. Also used in medicine chemical industry or making salt diarrhea and additives to feed.

    Sample site:Atashan, Guyang, Inner Mongolia.


  • 钼矿石

    产地:内蒙古乌拉特前旗西沙德盖钼矿区
    规格:

    名 称:钼矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要有辉钼矿,其次有方铅矿、闪锌矿、黄铁矿、磁铁矿等;脉石矿物有石英、钾长石、斜长石以及绿泥石、黑云母、方解石等。

    成因类型:斑岩型

    成矿时代:三叠纪

    主要用途:提取钼的主要矿石原料。金属钼是冶金、电气、化工、航空和航天等制造业中不可缺少的原料。钼在冶金工业上,用作生产各种合金钢的添加剂,并能与钨、镍、钴、锆、钛等组成高级合金。金属钼大量用作高温电炉的发热材料和结构材料,因钼的热中子俘获截面小、具高持久强度,还可用作核反应堆的结构材料。

    采集地点:内蒙古乌拉特前旗西沙德盖钼矿区



    Name:Molybdenum Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by molybdenite, with subordinate galena, sphalerite, pyrite, magnetite, etc. Gangue minerals consist mostly quartz, potassium feldspar, chlorite, biotite, calcite, etc.

    Genesis:Porphyry

    Age:Triassic.

    Usage:Major source for molybdenum. Molybdenum is unreplaceable material in metallurgy, electrical, chemical and aviation and space industry. In metallurgy, molybdenum is used in producing alloys, when combined with tungsten, nickel, cobalt, zirconium and titanium. Molybdenum is widely used for making heating material in electric furnace and constructional materials. Also used for constructional materials in nuclear reactor, as molybdenum has small capture cross section and high strength duration.

    Sample site:Xishadegai, Wulateqianqi, Inner Mongolia.


  • 硫铁矿石

    产地:内蒙古乌拉特前旗山片沟硫铁矿区
    规格:

    名 称:硫铁矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为黄铁矿、磁黄铁矿,少量方铅矿、闪锌矿。脉石矿物以白云石为主,次有石英、方解石、绢云母、绿泥石、炭质等。

    成因类型:喷流沉积型

    成矿时代:中元古代

    主要用途:提取硫的主要原料。硫主要用于制取硫酸,硫酸主要用于生产化肥;硫酸在有机化工生产中用于酸化、磺化、催化;在冶金工业中用于钢铁、镍等金属酸洗、有色金属冶炼。

    采集地点:内蒙古乌拉特前旗山片沟硫铁矿区



    Name:Pyrite Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by pyrite, pyrrhotites, with subordinate quartz, calcite, sericite, chlorite and carbonaceous matters.

    Ore genesis:Exhalation

    Age:Mesoproterozoic.

    Usage:Major source of sulfur. Sulfur is mostly for producing sulfur acid, which is used in acidification, sulfonation, and catalysis. Also used in metallurgy and nonferrous industry.

    Sample site:Shanpiangou, Wutelaqianqi, Inner Mongolia.


  • 蛇纹石玉

    产地:内蒙古乌拉特中旗甘其毛道
    规格:

    名 称:

    蛇纹石玉

    主要成分:主要由蛇纹石、滑石组成。

    成 因:主要产于基性和超基性岩体内,岩石经热液蚀变形成,也可见由大理岩蚀变而成。

    形成时代:早古生代

    主要用途:除可做观赏石、雕件外,在化工、耐火材料、医药等领域也有应用。

    时 代:早古生代

    采集地点:内蒙古乌拉特中旗甘其毛道


    Name:Serpentine Jade

    Composition:Mostly consisting of serpentine and talc.

    Genesis:From basic and ultra-basic pluton, formed via hydrothermal alteration. Or resulted from alteration of marbles.

    Age:Early Paleozoic.

    Usage:Ornamental stone and carving stone, also used in chemical industry, refractory materials, and medicine.

    Sample site:Ganqimaodao, Wulatezhongqi, Inner Mongolia.


  • 电气石伟晶岩

    产地:内蒙古乌拉特中旗角力格太
    规格:

    名 称:电气石伟晶岩

    主要成分:岩性为电气石花岗伟晶岩,矿物成分为电气石、钾长石、石英、白云母、绿柱石。

    成 因:富含气液的残余岩浆形成

    主要用途:质量好的电气石可做宝石(碧玺),碧玺用作首饰和工艺品的原料。透明度好的电气石,可切磨成面,属于中档宝石。

    采集地点:内蒙古乌拉特中旗角力格太



    Nmae:Tourmaline Pegmatite

    Composition:Tourmaline pegmatite, consisting of tourmaline, potassium feldspar, quartz, muscovite and beryl.

    Genesis:Formed via crystallization of residue volatile-rich magma.

    Usage:High quality tourmaline is grated as gem stone, that could be used for making jewelries and art crafts. Fair transparent tourmaline could be cut to make rings, as middle grade gemstone.

    Sample site:Jiaoligetai, Wulateqi, Inner Mongolia.



  • 白云母矿

    产地:内蒙古乌拉特中旗角力格太
    规格:

    名 称:白云母矿石

    主要成分:岩性为白云母花岗伟晶岩,矿物成分为白云母、石英、斜长石、条纹长石、微斜长石。

    成 因:富含气液的残余岩浆结晶形成

    主要用途:绝缘材料,云母片大、完整者品质高。

    采集地点:内蒙古乌拉特中旗角力格太



    Name:Muscovite Ore

    Composition:Muscovite granitic pegmatite, consisting of muscovite, quartz, plagioclase, perthite and microcline.

    Genesis:Formed via crystallization of volatile-rich magma.

    Usage: For making insulation materials, those with large flakes of muscovite have high quality.

    Sample site:Jiaoligetai, Wulatezhongqi, Inner Mongolia.



  • 波痕

    产地:内蒙古固阳县阿塔山
    规格:

    名 称:波痕

    特 征:为水流作用形成波状起伏的层面构造,常用来指示碎屑岩层的上层面。岩石为石英岩,主要矿物为石英。

    层 位:长城系书记沟组

    采集地点:内蒙古固阳县阿塔山



    Name:Ripple Mark

    Characteristics:Waving bedding marks formed by water flow, could be used as indicator of the hanging beds of clastic sedimentary rocks. This sample is quartzite, consisting mostly of quartz.

    Srtatigraphy:Shujigou Formation, Changcheng System.

    Sample site:Atashan, Guyang, Inner Mongolia.



  • 硅石矿石

    产地:内蒙古四子王旗乌兰哈达
    规格:

    名 称:硅石矿石

    主要成分:岩性为脉石英,化学成分为SiO2。

    成 因:岩浆分泌的SiO2溶液沿构造裂隙充填形成,因含有钛元素而呈现粉红色(芙蓉石)。

    主要用途:可用于熔剂、硅砖、硅铁、硅铝、结晶硅和一般玻璃等方面。质量好者可做玉石(芙蓉石)。

    采集地点:内蒙古四子王旗乌兰哈达



    Nmae:Silica Ore

    Comosition:Quartz vein,consisting of SiO2.

    Genesis:Magmatic fractioning created SiO2-rich solution, which infilled fractures to form the veins. Pinkish because of titanium-bearing(hibiscus rock).

    Usage:Used in making solvent, silica bricks, silica iron, silica aluminum, silicium and glass, high quality silica ore could be used as jade(hibiscus rock).

    Sample site:Wulanhada, Siziwangqi, Inner Mongolia.



  • 珍珠岩

    产地:内蒙古鄂伦春自治旗大杨树镇
    规格:


    名 称:珍珠岩

    主要成分:酸性火山玻璃,主要化学成分为SiO2、Al2O3。

    成 因:酸性火山熔浆经迅速冷凝形成的玻璃质岩石,个别含有透长石和石英斑晶,颜色较杂,但一般为珍珠色、白色等,其中同成分黑色者称黑耀岩。

    形成时代:早白垩世

    主要用途:防火、保温、隔音材料。

    采集地点:内蒙古鄂伦春自治旗大杨树镇



    Name:Perlite

    Composition:Acidic volcanic glass, mostly consisting of SiO2、Al2O3.

    Genesis:The glassy rocks were formed during fast cooling of acidic lavas, some of which contain sanidine and quartz phenocrysts. They rocks are of variegated color, mostly pearl-like or white colored, and the black colored are named as obsidian.

    Age:Early Cretaceous

    Usage:Making materials for fire-proof, heat preservation and sound insulation.

    Sample site:Dayangshu, Elunchun, Inner Mongolia.



  • 珍珠岩

    产地:内蒙古莫力达瓦达斡尔族自治旗
    规格:

    名 称:珍珠岩

    主要成分:酸性火山玻璃,主要化学成分为SiO2、Al2O3。

    成 因:酸性火山熔浆经迅速冷凝形成的玻璃质岩石,个别含有透长石和石英斑晶,颜色较杂,但一般为珍珠色、白色等,其中同成分黑色者称黑耀岩。

    形成时代:早白垩世

    主要用途:防火、保温、隔音材料。

    采集地点:内蒙古莫力达瓦达斡尔族自治旗



    Name:Perlite

    Composition:Acidic volcanic glass, mostly consisting of SiO2 and Al2O3.

    Genesis:The glassy rocks were formed during fast cooling of acidic lavas, some of which contain sanidine and quartz phenocrysts. They rocks are of variegated color, mostly pearl-like or white colored, and the black colored are named as obsidian.

    Age:The early Cretaceous.

    Usage:Making materials for fire-proof, heat preservation and sound insulation.

    Sample site:Molidawa, Inner Mongolia



  • 铜氧化矿石

    产地:内蒙古乌拉特后旗霍格乞铜矿区
    规格:

    名 称:铜氧化矿石

    矿物成分:硫化铜的次生矿物孔雀石为主,伴有黄铁矿、磁黄铁矿、方铅矿。脉石矿物主要为石英、透辉石,有少量透闪石、绿泥石等。

    成因类型:海相喷流沉积形成硫化铜矿石后,于地表或近地表矿石中硫化铜经氧化,形成次生矿物孔雀石。

    成矿时代:中元古代

    主要用途:提取铜的矿石原料。铜用来制造电线、电缆、机电设备。并具有观赏性。

    采集地点:内蒙古乌拉特后旗霍格乞铜矿区



    Name:Copper Oxide Ore

    Mineralogy:Secondary minerals of copper sulfides are dominated by malachite, associated with pyrite, pyrrhotite and galena. Gangue minerals are dominated by quartz, diopside, with subordinate tremolite, chlorite, etc.

    Ore genesis:primary sulfides precipitated via submarine exhalation, subsequent elevation resulted in oxidation and precipitation of malachite.

    Age:Mesoproterozoic

    Usage:material for making electric wire, cable, electric devices.

    Sample site:Huogeqi copper mine, Wulatehouqi, Inner Mongolia



  • 赤铁矿石

    产地:内蒙古额济纳旗黑鹰山铁矿区
    规格:

    名 称:赤铁矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为赤铁矿,其次为磁铁矿;脉石矿物有石英、绿泥石、方解石、重晶石及磷灰石等。

    成因类型:火山岩型

    成矿时代:石炭纪

    矿床规模:中型富铁矿

    主要用途:富铁矿石,可直接入炉冶炼生铁、熟铁、铁合金、碳素钢、合金钢、特种钢等。

    采集地点:内蒙古额济纳旗黑鹰山铁矿区



    Name:Hematite Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by hematite, with subordinate magnetite; Gangue minerals dominated by quartz, chlorite, calcite , barite and apatite.

    Ore genesis:Volcanogentic

    Age:Carboniferous

    Size:Moderate

    Usage:The high grade ore could be used directly for producing pig iron, wrought iron, iron alloy, carbon steel, steel alloy and special steel.

    Sample site:Heiyingshan iron mine, Erjinaqi, Inner Mongolia.



  • 磁铁矿石

    产地:内蒙古额济纳旗黑鹰山铁矿区
    规格:

    名 称:磁铁矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为磁铁矿,其次为赤铁矿;脉石矿物有石英、绿泥石、方解石、重晶石及磷灰石等。

    成因类型:火山岩型

    成矿时代:石炭纪

    矿床规模:中型富铁矿床

    主要用途:富铁矿石,可直接入炉冶炼钢铁,是冶炼钢铁的主要矿石原料。

    采集地点:内蒙古额济纳旗黑鹰山铁矿区



    Name:Magnetite Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by magnetite, with subordinate hematite. Gangue mineral include quartz, chlorite, calcite, barite and apatite.

    Genesis:Volcanic

    Age:Carboniferous

    Size:Middle

    Usage:High grade iron ore can be directly used in furnace, a major source for steel and iron plant.

    Sample site:Heiyingshan iron mine, Erjinaqi, Inner Mongolia.




  • 硫铁矿石

    产地:内蒙古乌拉特后旗炭窑口硫铁矿区
    规格:

    名 称:硫铁矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物以磁黄铁矿、黄铁矿为主,伴有少量闪锌矿、方铅矿、黄铜矿、磁铁矿;脉石矿物以白云石为主,次有石英、方解石、绢云母、绿泥石、炭质等。

    成因类型:喷流沉积型

    成矿时代:中元古代

    主要用途:提取硫的主要矿石原料。硫主要用于制取硫酸。硫酸主要用于生产化肥(如硫酸铵);硫酸在有机化工生产中用于酸化、磺化、催化;在冶金工业中用于钢铁、镍等金属酸洗、有色金属冶炼。

    采集地点:内蒙古乌拉特后旗炭窑口硫铁矿区



    Name:Pyrite Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by pyrrhotite and pyrite, with minor sphalerite, galena, chalcopyrite and magnetite. Gangue minerals include mostly dolomite, with subordinate quartz, calcite, sericite, chlorite and carbonaceous matters.

    Genesis:Exhalite

    Age:Mesoproterozoic

    Usage:Extracting sulfur. Sulfur is mainly used for making sulfur acid, which is mainly used in fertilizer. In organic chemical industry sulfur is used for acidification, sulfatation, and catalysis. In metallurgy sulfur acid is used in scouring for steel and iron and nikel.

    Sample site:Tanjiaokou pyrite mine, Wulatehouqi, Inner Mongolia.



  • 铅锌矿石

    产地:内蒙古乌拉特后旗东升庙铅锌硫多金属矿区
    规格:


    名 称:铅锌矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物以闪锌矿、方铅矿为主,伴有少量黄铁矿、黄铜矿。脉石矿物有白云石、绢云母、石英、方解石、透闪石、微斜长石、重晶石、磷灰石、金红石。

    成因类型:喷流沉积型

    成矿时代:中元古代

    主要用途:冶炼铅、锌金属的主要原料,铅主要用于汽车工业、化学工业、冶金工业。铅常用以制作管件和设备的防腐内衬;原子能工业中,铅可用来制作防辐射外罩。锌在工业上广泛用于制造各种合金;镀锌用以防止金属被腐蚀。锌粉、锌片在冶金工业中,可除去溶液中的杂质,置换出稀有金属、贵金属。

    采集地点:内蒙古乌拉特后旗东升庙铅锌硫多金属矿区



    Name:Lead-Zinc Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by sphalerite and galena, with minor pyrite and chalcopyrite. Gangue minerals include dolomite, sericite, quartz, calcite, tremolite, microcline, barite, apatite and rutile.

    Genesis:Exhalite

    Age:Mesoproterozoic

    Usage:Extracting lead and zinc. Lead is used in automobile, chemical and metallurgy industry. Lead is also used for anti-erosion lining. In atomic industry lead can be used to make radiation proof cover. Zinc is used for making alloys, and coating. Zinc powder and chips are used in metallurgy for purifying solution and substitute for rare and precious metals.

    Sample site:Dongshengmiao lead-zinc polymetallic mine, Wulatehouqi, Inner Mongolia.



  • 铜矿石

    产地:内蒙古乌拉特后旗东升庙铅锌硫多金属矿区
    规格:

    名 称:铜矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物以黄铜矿、黄铁矿为主,少量方铅矿、闪锌矿、磁黄铁矿。脉石矿物有白云石、绢云母、石英、方解石、重晶石、透闪石。

    成因类型:喷流沉积型

    成矿时代:中元古代

    主要用途:提取铜的主要矿石原料。铜用来制造电线、电缆、机电设备。

    采集地点:内蒙古乌拉特后旗东升庙铅锌硫多金属矿区



    Name:Copper Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by chalcopyrite and pyrite, with minor galena, sphalerite and pyrrhotite. Gangue minerals include dolomite, sericite, quartz, calcite, barite and tremolite.

    Genesis:Exhalite

    Age:Mesoproterozoic

    Usage:Extracting copper. Copper is used for making wires, cables and electric devices.

    Sample site:Dongshengmiao lead-zinc polymetallic mine, Wulatehouqi, Inner Mongolia.


  • 硫铁矿石

    产地:内蒙古乌拉特后旗东升庙铅锌硫多金属矿区(西区)
    规格:

    名 称:硫铁矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为黄铁矿、磁黄铁矿,少量方铅矿、闪锌矿。脉石矿物有白云石、绢云母、石英、方解石、重晶石、透闪石。

    成因类型:海相喷流沉积型

    形成时代:中元古代

    主要用途:提取硫的主要矿石原料。硫主要用于制取硫酸,硫酸在有机化工生产中用于酸化、磺化、催化;在冶金工业中用于钢铁、镍等金属酸洗、有色金属冶炼。

    采集地点:内蒙古乌拉特后旗东升庙铅锌硫多金属矿区(西区)



    Name:Pyrite Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by pyrite, pyrrhotite, with subordinate galena and sphalerite. Gangue minerals include dolomite, sericite, quartz, calcite, barite and tremolite.

    Genesis:Submarine exhalite

    Age:Mesoproterozoic

    Usage:For extracting sulfur. Sulfur can make sulfur acid that is used in acidification, sulfuration and catalysis. In metallurgy sulfur is used for scouring.

    Sample site:Dongshengmiao lead-zinc polymetallic mine, Wulatehouqi, Inner Mongolia.


  • 蛇纹石化大理岩

    产地:内蒙古武川县牌楼馆
    规格:

    名 称:蛇纹石化大理岩

    主要成分:组成岩石的矿物成分为灰白色方解石、白云石及黄绿色条带状蛇纹石。岩石由白云质大理岩经区域变质-接触交代变质共同作用形成。

    成因类型:区域变质-接触交代型

    形成时代:古元古代

    主要用途:装饰、建筑、雕刻石材。

    采集地点:内蒙古武川县牌楼馆



    Name:Serpentinized Marble

    Composition:The rocks consist of grey-white calcite, dolomite and yellowish-green serpentine bands.

    Genesis:Regional metamorphism-contact replacement

    Age:Paleoproterozoic

    Usage:Dimension stone, building and caving material.

    Sample site:Pailouguan, Wuchuan, Inner Mongolia



  • 铅锌硫矿石

    产地:内蒙古乌拉特中旗甲生盘硫铅锌矿区
    规格:

    名 称:铅锌硫矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为磁黄铁矿、方铅矿、闪锌矿。脉石矿物为白云石、透辉石、方解石、透闪石、石英、绢云母等。

    成因类型:喷流沉积型

    成矿时代:中元古代

    主要用途:提取铅、锌、硫的主要矿石原料。铅主要用于汽车工业、化学工业、冶金工业。原子能工业中,铅可用来制作防辐射外罩。锌在工业上广泛用于制造各种合金;镀锌用以防止金属被腐蚀;高纯锌制造银-锌电池,用于飞机、宇宙飞船的电气仪表。

    采集地点:内蒙古乌拉特中旗甲生盘硫铅锌矿区



    Name:Lead-Zinc-Sulfur Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by pyrrhotite, galena and sphalerite. Gangue minerals include dolomite, diopside, calcite, tremolite, quartz and sericite.

    Genesis:Exhalite.

    Age:Mesoproterozoic.

    Usage:For extracting lead, zinc and sulfur. Lead is mostly used in automobile, chemical, metallurgy industry, also used for making anti-radioactivity cover. Zinc is widely used in alloys, coating. High purity zinc is used in silver-zinc battery, and electric devices mounted on airplanes and spaceship.

    Sample site:  Jiashengpan Sulfur-lead-zinc mine, Wulatezhongqi, Inner Mongolia.



  • 强蚀变超基性岩

    产地:内蒙古林西县哈吗吐乡小杏树洼村
    规格:


    名 称:强蚀变超基性岩

    矿物成分:主要为蛇纹石、橄榄石、绿帘石、绿泥石、滑石、硅孔雀石、铁矿物等。

    成因类型:地幔岩,赋存于西拉木伦河蛇绿构造混杂岩带中。是晚古生代大洋俯冲消减闭合的构造残片,是西伯利亚板块与华北板块构造逢合带的主要物质组成。原岩超基性岩(橄榄岩)由洋壳扩张、地幔超基性熔浆沿洋中脊上侵至洋壳中形成。后经洋壳俯冲闭合、构造改造、变质、风化等一系列地质作用,才形成今天的岩石面貌。

    主要用途:是铬铁矿、铜钴镍矿等的含矿母岩,也是蛇纹石等的原石,品质好的可成为玉石;是洋壳的鉴定证据之一,构造意义非常重要。

    形成时代:早二叠世

    采集地点:内蒙古林西县哈吗吐乡小杏树洼村




    Name:Serpentinized peridotite

    Mineralogy:Mostly serpentine, olivene, epidote, chlorite, talc, silicon malachite and iron oxides.

    Genesis:Mantle-derived rock,hosted in the Xialamulun River ophiolite mélange, which was relict slab of the late Paleozoic subducted ocean floor after the closure of the ocean, which was the products of the suture zone between the Siberian Plate and North China Plate. The primary ultrabasic rocks (peridotite) were created via ocean floor spreading during which the mantle derived ultrabasic magma emplaced along the ocean ridge. These rock experienced subsequent ocean closure, tectonic modification, metamorphism and weathering, giving rise to the present outcrops.

    Usage:Host to chromite, copper, cobalt, and nickel, also source for serpentine. High quality serpentinite could be rated as jade. Evidence for identification of ocean floor, of significance for tectonic research.

    Age:Early Permian

    Sample site:Xiaoxingshuwa, Hamatu, Xilin, Inner Mongolia.



  • 赤铁矿石

    产地:内蒙古鄂托克旗棋盘井镇
    规格:

    名 称:赤铁矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为赤铁矿、褐铁矿,脉石矿物有石英等。

    成因类型:风化壳型

    形成时代:中奥陶世—早石炭世

    主要用途:选冶铁的主要矿石原料。铁是钢铁工业的基本原料,广泛应用于国民经济的各个部门和人们日常生活的各个方面。

    采集地点:内蒙古鄂托克旗棋盘井镇



    Name:Hematite Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by hematite and limonite, gangue minerals include quartz.

    Ore genesis:Weathering crust

    Age:Mid Ordovician-early Carboniferous

    Usage:Source for extracting iron. Iron is the elementary material for steel and iron industry, and is widely used in national economy and daily life.

    Sample site:Qipanjing, Etuokeqi, Inner Mongolia




  • 磁铁矿石

    产地:内蒙古鄂托克旗棋盘井镇千里沟铁矿区
    规格:

    名 称:磁铁矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物以磁铁矿为主,其次为少量黄铁矿、磁黄铁矿及微量褐铁矿。脉石矿物以铁闪石、镁闪石和石英为主,其次有少量石榴石,极少量黑云母、金云母、绿泥石、榍石等。

    成因类型:沉积变质型

    成矿时代:太古代

    主要用途:选冶铁的主要矿石原料。铁是钢铁工业的基本原料,广泛应用于国民经济的各个部门和人们日常生活的各个方面。

    采集地点:内蒙古鄂托克旗棋盘井镇千里沟铁矿区



    Name:Magnetite Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by magnetite, with subordinate pyrite, pyrrhotite, and trace amount of limonite. Gangue minerals include grunerite, tschermakite and quartz, with subordinate garnet, trace amount of biotite, phlogopite, chlorite, and sphene.

    Ore genesis:Meta-sedimentary

    Age:Archaean

    Usage:For extracting iron. Iron is the elementary material for industry, and therefore is widely used in national economy and daily life.

    Sample site:Qianligou iron mine, Qipanjing, Etuokeqi, Inner Mongolia.



  • 木纹石

    产地:鄂尔多斯市准格尔旗敖包梁城塔
    规格:

    名 称:木纹石

    岩性特征:又名木纹玉,是具有天然木质纹理的石材之通称。岩性为富铁质泥质白云岩。由浅紫红色微细晶含铁白云岩和浅黄色细晶白云岩交替出现构成,主要由于铁质含量差异所致,常见大小不等的椭圆形或不规则同心环,俗称“木纹石”。

    层 位:下奥陶统亮甲山组,形成于距今约4.7~5.8亿年前。

    主要用途:是较名贵的饰面石材及雕件材料

    采集地点:鄂尔多斯市准格尔旗敖包梁城塔



    Name:Serpenggiante

    Characteristics:Also named as Serpenggiante jade, with natural year rings of wood, lithologically composed of iron-rich marl dolomite. It consists of interbedding light purple-reddish crystalline dolomite and light yellowish dolomite, and the color variation is due to iron concentration. The name “Serpenggiante” comes from the concentric rings.

    Stratigraphy:Lower Ordovician Liangjiashan Formation(470-580 Ma)

    Usage:High quality dimension stone and also used for sculpture-caving

    Sample site:Aobaoliangchengta, Zhugeer, Inner Mongolia





  • 铅锌矿石

    产地:内蒙古扎兰屯市二道河铅锌矿区
    规格:

    名 称:铅锌矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要有方铅矿、闪锌矿、黄铁矿,其次为黄铜矿、黝铜矿及少量辉银矿等。脉石矿物主要为石英,其次为绢云母、绿泥石和方解石。

    成因类型:热液型

    成矿时代:侏罗纪

    主要用途:是提取铅、锌金属的主要矿石原料。铅主要用于汽车工业、化学工业、冶金工业。原子能工业中,铅可用来制作防辐射外罩。锌在工业上广泛用于制造各种合金;镀锌用以防止金属被腐蚀;高纯锌制造银-锌电池,用于飞机、宇宙飞船的电气仪表。

    采集地点:内蒙古扎兰屯市二道河铅锌矿区


    Name:Lead- Zinc Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by galena, sphalerite, pyrite, with subordinate chalcopyrite, tetrahedrite, and minor argentite. Gangue minerals include mostly quartz, with subordinate sericite, chlorite and calcite.

    Ore genesis:Hydrothermal

    Age:Jurassic

    Usage:For extracting lead and zinc. Lead is mostly used in automobile, chemical, metallurgy industry. In atomic industry, lead is used for radiation protection. Zinc is widely used for making alloys, coating, Ag-Zn battery, and electric devices mounted on airplanes and spaceships.

    Sample site:Erdaohe lead-zinc mine. Zhalantun, Inner Mongolia.



  • 铅锌矿石

    产地:内蒙古科尔沁右翼前旗巴根黑格其尔铅锌矿区
    规格:

    名  称:铅锌矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要有闪锌矿、黄铜矿、方铅矿。脉石矿物主要有方解石、石榴石、萤石、石英、绿泥石等。

    成因类型:中温热液矽卡岩型矿床

    成矿时代:中生代

    主要用途:是提取铅、锌金属的主要矿石原料。铅、锌金属用途广泛。铅主要用于汽车工业、化学工业、冶金工业、原子能工业。锌在工业上广泛用于制造各种合金;镀锌用以防止金属被腐蚀;高纯锌制造银-锌电池,用于飞机、宇宙飞船的电气仪表。

    采集地点:内蒙古科尔沁右翼前旗巴根黑格其尔铅锌矿区


    Name:Lead- Zinc Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals composed of sphalerite, chalcopyrite, and galena, gangue minerals include calcite, garnet, fluorite, quartz and chlorite.

    Ore genesis:Mesothermal-skarn

    Age:Mesozoic

    Usage:For extracting lead and zinc. Lead and zinc is widely used in industry. Lead is mostly used in automobile industry/ chemical industry, metallurgy, atomic industry. Zinc is used for making alloys, coating and Ag-Zn battery, it is also used in electric devices mounted on airplanes and spaceships.

    Sample site:Bagenheigeqier lead -zinc mine, Keerqinyouyiqianqi, Inner Mongolia.


  • 叶腊石矿石

    产地:内蒙古科尔沁右翼中旗新建叶腊石矿区
    规格:

    名  称:叶腊石矿石

    主要成分:由叶腊石、粘土矿物等组成,局部见丝状鸡血红。

    成因类型:热液蚀变型,产于酸性凝灰岩,经热液蚀变形成。

    层  位:下白垩统白音高老组

    主要用途:耐火材料、陶瓷原料、雕刻原料,质地优良者可用作印章。

    采集地点:内蒙古科尔沁右翼中旗新建叶腊石矿区


    Name: Pyrophyllite

    Mineralogy:Consists of pyrophyllite and other clay minerals, locally see red-colored threads.

    Genesis:Hydrothermal alteration of acidic tuffs.

    Stratigraphy:Lower CretaceousBaiyingaolao Formation.

    Usage:Refractory materials, porcelain, engraving materials, high quality pyrophyllite can make seals.

    Sample site:Xinjian pyrophyllite mine, Keerqinyouyizhongqi, Inner Mongolia.

  • 铜矿石

    产地:内蒙古乌拉特后旗乌布拉格铜矿区
    规格:

    名称:铜矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为黄铜矿、黄铁矿,其次为磁黄铁矿、磁铁矿、辉铜矿、斑铜矿、黝铜矿等,局部含自然金、银金矿等。脉石矿物有石英、阳起石、方解石、钾长石等。

    成因类型:中低温火山热液型

    成矿时代:二叠纪,矿床赋存于二叠系下统火山岩和次火山岩中,容矿岩石主要为石英斑岩和英安质熔结火山角砾岩、流纹质火山角砾岩。

    主要用途:提取铜、金的主要矿石原料。

    采集地点:内蒙古乌拉特后旗乌布拉格铜矿区


    Name:OubulageCopper Ore

    Mineralogy:ore minerals dominated by chalcopyrite and pyrite, with subordinate pyrrhotite, magnetite, chalcocite, bornite and tetrahedrite, native gold and native gold and electrum. Gangue mineralsincludequartz,actinolite, calcite and potassium feldspar.

    Oregenesis:Meso-epithermal deposit.

    Age:Permian,the deposit is hosted in the lower Permian volcanics and intrusives, the ore-hosting rocks comprise mostly quartz porphyries, dacitic welded breccias and rhyoliticbreccias.

    Usage:source for extracting copper and gold.

    Sample site:Oubulage mine, Wulatehou, Inner Mongolia.


  • 铜矿石

    产地:内蒙古四子王旗白乃庙铜矿区
    规格:

    名  称:铜矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为黄铜矿、黄铁矿,其次有斑铜矿、辉钼矿、磁铁矿、白钨矿、镜铁矿;脉石矿物主要为石英、绢云母、白云母、绿帘石、绿泥石、方解石等。

    成因类型:海相火山热液型

    成矿时代:早古生代

    主要用途:提取铜的主要矿石原料。铜广泛应用于国民经济的各部门中,铜在电气工业中用量最大,主要用于制造电线、电缆、电机设备等。

    采集地点:内蒙古四子王旗白乃庙铜矿区


    Name:Copper Ore

    Mineralogy:Mostly chalcopyrite, pyrite, with subordinate bornite, molybdenite, magnetite, sheelite,specularite, gangue minerals include quartz, sericite, muscovite, epidote, chlorite, calcite, etc.

    Ore genesis:Submarine volcanic hydrothermal

    Age:Early Paleozoic

    Usage:Source for extracting copper. Copper is widely used in various sectors of national economy, mostly in electric industry, mainly for making wires, cables and electronic devices.

    Sample site:Bainaimiao copper mine, Siziwangqi, Inner Mongolia

  • 萤石矿石

    产地:内蒙古二连浩特白音敖包萤石矿区
    规格:

    名  称:萤石矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要由不同粒径结构的萤石(CaF2)组成,萤石高达95%。萤石呈灰白色、紫褐色、浅绿色。脉石矿物主要为石英。

    成因类型:热液型

    成矿时代:侏罗纪

    主要用途:冶金工业中用于冶炼钢铁的助熔剂,化学工业中用于制取氢氟酸及氟树脂、氟橡胶、氟涂料等氟化工产品。

    采集地点:内蒙古二连浩特白音敖包萤石矿区


    Name:Fluorite Ore

    Mineralogy:consist of 95% fluorite (CaF2) of various grain size and textures. The fluorite is greey, dark brown or light greenish. Gangue minerals consist mostly of quartz.

    Ore genesis:Hydrothermal deposit

    Age:Jurassic

    Usage:Used in metallurgy as co-solvent and chemical industry for producing hydrofluoric acid, fluororesin, fluororuber and fluoride varnish.

    Sample site:BaiyinaobaoFluoritemine,Erlianhaote, Inner Mongolia.

  • 球状玄武岩

    产地:内蒙古苏尼特左旗
    规格:

    名  称:球状玄武岩

    成  因:凝固后的玄武岩暴露于地表,因气、水热液及各种微生物等沿不同方向裂隙侵入,由表及里、层层风化剥离,最终形成椭球状、球状岩块。是物理风化和化学风化联合作用的结果。

    形成时代:第四纪更新世

    采集地点:内蒙古苏尼特左旗


    Name:Spherical Basalt

    Genesis:Consolidated basalt was exposed to air, which experienced weathering from surface inwards due to involvement of air, hydrothermal fluids and microorganism along fractures, resulting in spheroid or ball-like rocks.

    Age:Pleistocene, Quaternary

    Sample site:Sunitezuo, Inner Mongolia

  • 铁锌矿石

    产地:内蒙古东乌珠穆沁旗朝不楞铁多金属矿区
    规格:

    名  称:铁锌矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物以磁铁矿、闪锌矿为主,其次有镜铁矿、褐铁矿、磁黄铁矿、黄铁矿、白铁矿、黄铜矿等;脉石矿物以钙铁石榴子石、透辉石为主,其次为黑云母、角闪石、石英等。

    成因类型:矽卡岩型

    成矿时代:中生代(侏罗纪)

    主要用途:是选冶铁的主要矿石原料。可冶炼生铁、熟铁、铁合金、碳素钢、合金钢、特种钢等。锌在工业上广泛用于制造各种合金;镀锌用以防止金属被腐蚀;高纯锌可制造银-锌电池,用于飞机、宇宙飞船的电气仪表。

    采集地点:内蒙古东乌珠穆沁旗朝不楞铁多金属矿区


    Name:Iron-Zinc Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by magnetite and sphalerite, with subordinate specularite, limonite, pyrrhotite, pyrite, marcasite and chalcopyrite. Gangue minerals dominated by andradite and diopside, with subordinate biotite, amphibole and quartz.

    Ore genesis:skarn-type

    Age:Mesozoic(Jurassic)

    Usage:Raw material for steel and iron industry, could be used in manufacture of pig iron, wrought-iron, iron-alloy, carbon steel, alloy steel, special steel, etc. Zinc is widely used in industry for manufacture of alloys; Zinc coating can protect metals from rusting; High purity zinc can be used in Ag-Zn battery and electric devices in airplane and spaceship.

    Sample site:Chaobuleng iron and multi-metallic deposit, Dongwuzhumuqin, Inner Mongolia.

  • 钨矿石

    产地:内蒙古东乌珠穆沁旗萨麦钨矿区
    规格:

    名  称:钨矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物以黑钨矿为主,其次为白钨矿、黄铁矿、黄铜矿,另见少量斑铜矿、方铅矿,偶见辉钼矿、毒砂、闪锌矿、孔雀石、蓝铜矿、褐铁矿;脉石矿物以石英、白云母、铁白云母、黑云母为主,钾长石、钠长石、黄玉次之,萤石少量,电气石、伊利石微量。

    成因类型:热液型(含钨石英脉)

    成矿时代:晚侏罗世

    主要用途:提取金属钨的主要原料。钨是一种耐热金属,钨精矿用于生产金属钨、碳化钨及钨合金。广泛用于电力、电子、石油、化工及军事等领域。工业中提高钢铁的硬度、强度及耐腐性。

    采集地点:内蒙古东乌珠穆沁旗萨麦钨矿区


    Name:Tungsten Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by wolframite, with subordinate sheelite, pyrite, chalcopyrite and minor amount of bornite and galena. Molybdenite, arsenopyrite, sphalerite, malachite azurite and limonite. Gangue minerals dominated by quartz, muscovite, iron-muscovite and biotite, with subordinate potassium feldspar, albite and topaz. Trace amount of tourmaline and illite.

    Ore genesis:Hydrothermal(Tungsten-rich quartz evin)

    Age:Late Jurassic

    Usage:Raw materials for extracting tungsten. Tungsten is resistant to heat and tungsten concentrate is widely used in producing tungsten, tungsten carbide and tungsten alloys. Widely used in electric pow, electronics, oil, chemical industry and military. Could be used to enhance hardness, strength and resistance.

    Sample site:Shamai tungsten mine, Dongwuzhumuqin, Inner Mongolia.

  • 含䗴生物碎屑灰岩

    产地:内蒙古正蓝旗上都镇白音高勒石灰岩矿区
    规格:

    名  称:含䗴生物碎屑灰岩

    形成时代:二叠纪(距今2.52~2.99亿年)

    层  位:下-中二叠统三面井组。䗴为原生动物门有孔虫亚纲的一个已灭绝的目,全为海生,大多数营浅海底栖生活,借助伪足运动和捕食,少数可能为浮游生活。䗴演化迅速、分布广泛,是石炭纪-二叠纪的重要标准化石之一,对研究古地理、古生物、古环境具有重要意义。

    采集地点:内蒙古正蓝旗上都镇白音高勒石灰岩矿区


    Name:Fusulinid-Bearing Bioclastic Limestone

    Age:Permian(252~299 Ma)

    Stratigraphy:The lower Permian Sanmian Formation. Fusulinid was a extinct marine species of Foraminifero from Protozoa, lived mostly in shallow sea bottom. They used their disguised feet for moving and prey, some might as plankton. Fusulinid developed fast and was widely found. It is one of the stereotype fossils of Carboniferous and Permian, which is of great significance for research on paleogeography, paleontology and paleoenvironment.

    Sample site:Baiyingaole limestone quarry, Shangdu, Zhenglanqi, Inner Mongolia.

  • 墨玉

    产地:内蒙古丰镇市九龙湾矿区
    规格:

    名  称:墨玉

    岩性成因:岩性为辉绿岩,组成矿物主要为普通辉石、基性斜长石、透辉石,其次为磷灰石和少量磁铁矿,磁铁矿含量一般为3~5%。为基性岩浆大规模侵入集宁岩群冷凝后结晶形成。

    形成时代:三叠纪

    主要用途:饰面石材及各类工艺品

    采集地点:内蒙古丰镇市九龙湾矿区


    Name:Black Jade(Commercial Granite Dimension Stone)

    Genesis:Diabase,consisting mostly of augite, basic plagioclase, diopside, with subordinate apatite and magnetite. The rock was formed viaextensive intrusion and subsequent consolidation ofthe Jinning basic magma.

    Age:Triassic

    Usage:Dimension stones and materials for art works.

    Sample site:Jiulongwan Mine, Fengzhen, Inner Mongolia.

  • 石墨矿石

    产地:内蒙古兴和县黄土窑石墨矿区
    规格:

    名  称:石墨矿石

    主要成分:矿物成分为鳞片状石墨,片度一般在1~1.5mm之间,个别可达2~3mm。石墨呈浸染状分布于脉石矿物颗粒之间,略具定向排列,局部与黑云母毗邻,其次成斑点状或微脉状在局部富集。

    成因类型:沉积变质型

    形成时代:太古代

    主要用途:重要的耐火、热金属成型、导电、密封、耐腐蚀及耐高温、环境保护、防辐射、军工和航空航天等材料,亦是制造石墨烯的原材料。

    采集地点:内蒙古兴和县黄土窑石墨矿区


    Name:Graphite Ore

    Composition:Consists of flaky graphite, flakes are mostly 1-1.5 mm in size, occasionally 2-3mm. The graphite flakes are dispersed among the gangue minerals, with weak orientation. In places they are in contact with biotite. Nodules or veinlets are seen in places.

    Genesis:meta-sediments

    Age:Archaen

    Usage:Major refractory material, could be used inhot metal forming, conductors, sealing, erosion- and heat-resistent materials, environment protection, anti-radioactivity, military and areo-space technology, etc. It is also the material for making graphene.

    Sample site:Huangtuyao graphite mine, Xinghe, Inner Mongolia.

  • 磁铁矿石

    产地:内蒙古达尔罕茂明安联合旗三合明铁矿区
    规格:

    名  称:磁铁矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物以磁铁矿为主,其次为假象赤铁矿、半假象赤铁矿及褐铁矿。脉石矿物以铁闪石、镁闪石和石英为主,其次有少量、极少量黑云母、金云母、石榴石、黄铁矿、绿泥石、榍石等。

    成因类型:沉积变质型铁矿

    成矿时代:新太古代(距今大约25亿年)

    主要用途:选冶铁的主要矿石原料。可冶炼生铁、熟铁、铁合金、碳素钢、合金钢、特种钢等。

    采集地点:内蒙古达尔罕茂明安联合旗三合明铁矿区


    Name:Magnetite Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by magnetite, which is followed by hematite and limonite. Gangue minerals include mostly iron iron-rich and magnesium-rich amphiboles, with subordinate and trace amount of biotite, phlogopite, garnet, pyrite , chlorite, sphene, etc.

    Ore genesis:meta-sedimentsry

    Age:Neoarchean(2.5 Ga)

    Usage:Raw material for steel and iron industry. Used for producing  pig iron, wrought iron, carbon steel, alloy steel, special steel, etc.

    Sample site:Sanheming iron mine, Daerhanmaomingan, Inner Mongoli.

  • 铁锡矿石

    产地:内蒙古克什克腾旗黄岗梁铁锡矿区
    规格:

    名  称:铁锡矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为磁铁矿、锡石,其次有闪锌矿、方铅矿、黄铜矿、毒砂、斜方砷铁矿等;脉石矿物主要为石榴子石、透辉石,其次有绿帘石、符山石、石英、长石、萤石、电气石、黄玉等。

    成因类型:矽卡岩型

    成矿时代:白垩纪

    主要用途:是选冶铁和锡的主要矿石原料。可冶炼生铁、熟铁、铁合金、碳素钢、合金钢、特种钢等。锡具有展性强、防锈、耐腐蚀等特性,锡能够同其他金属及类金属形成各种合金,易于镀在许多金属表面,特别是锡的表面耐蚀不锈,同有机酸及盐类反应的生成物无毒。

    采集地点:内蒙古克什克腾旗黄岗梁铁锡矿区

    Name:Iron-Tin Ore

    Mineralogy:Dominated by magnetite and cassiterite, with subordinate sphalerite, galena, chalcopyrite, arsenopyrite, loellingite, etc. Gangue minerals include mainly garnet, diopside, with subordinate epidote, idocrase, quartz, feldspar, fluorite, tourmaline, topaz, etc.

    Genesis:Skarn

    Age:Cretaceous

    Usage:Source for iron and tin, used for producing pig iron, wrought iron, iron alloys, carbon steel, alloy steel, special steels, etc. Tin is highly spreadable and resistant to erosion. It can be combined with other metals or metalloids to make alloys. It can be coated on metals to prevent from erosion and the resultants of its reaction with organic acids and salts are non-toxic.

    Sample site:Huanggang iron-tin mine, Keshike, Inner Mongolia

  • 铜锌矿石

    产地:内蒙古克什克腾旗拜仁达坝铜锌矿区
    规格:

    名  称:铜锌矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为黄铜矿、闪锌矿,其次有磁铁矿、锡石、毒砂、斜方砷铁矿等;脉石矿物主要为石英、长石、萤石、电气石、黄玉等。

    成因类型:中低温热液矿床

    成矿时代:中生代

    主要用途:是提取金属铜、锌的主要矿石原料。铜用来制造电线、电缆、机电设备;黄铜用来制造枪弹和炮弹;白铜用来制造舰艇和发电设备冷凝器和热变换器;无氧铜制造超高频电子管。锌在工业上广泛用于制造各种合金;镀锌用以防止金属被腐蚀。锌粉、锌片在冶金工业中,可除去溶液中的杂质,置换出稀有金属、贵金属。

    采集地点:内蒙古克什克腾旗拜仁达坝铜锌矿区


    Name:Copper-Zinc Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by pyrite,chalcopyrite and sphalerite, with subordinate magnetite, cassiterite, arsenopyrite, loellingite, etc.Gangue minerals include mainly quartz, feldspar, fluorite, tourmaline, topaz, etc.

    Ore genesis:Mesothermal-epithermal deposit

    Age:Mesozoic

    Usage:Source for extracting metal copper and zinc. Copper is used for making wire, cable, electric devices. Brass is used in bullet- and artillery shell-making. Cupronickel is sued in warship-building and manufacture of cooling and heat exchange devices in power generation.Oxygen-free copper is used in making ultrahigh frequency tube. Zinc is widely used in alloy-making. Zinc coating can prevent metals from erosion. Zinc power and chips is used in metallurgy, which can remove impurities and displace rare and precious metals.

    Sample site:Bairendaba copper and zinc mine, Keshike, Inner Mongolia


  • 银铅锌矿石

    产地:内蒙古克什克腾旗拜仁达坝银多金属矿区
    规格:

    名  称:银铅锌矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为辉银矿、方铅矿、闪锌矿、含银黝铜矿,其次有黄铁矿、磁黄铁矿、毒砂、黄铜矿等;脉石矿物为白云石、绿泥石、绿帘石、石英、绢云母、萤石等。

    成因类型:中低温热液矿床

    成矿时代:中生代

    主要用途:是提取银、锌、铅的主要矿石原料。银、锌、铅用途广泛。银除传统的货币和首饰外,还用于电子和机械制造等。铅主要用于汽车工业、化学工业、冶金工业。原子能工业中,铅可用来制作防辐射外罩。锌在工业上广泛用于制造各种合金;镀锌用以防止金属被腐蚀;高纯锌制造银-锌电池,用于飞机、宇宙飞船的电气仪表。

    采集地点:内蒙古克什克腾旗拜仁达坝银多金属矿区。


    Name:Silver- Lead- Zinc Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by argentite, galena, sphalerite and silver-bearing tetrahedrite, with subordinate pyrite, pyrrhotite, arsenopyrite, chalcopyrite, etc. Gangue minerals include dolomite, chlorite, epidote, quartz, sericite, fluorite, etc.

    Ore genesis:Mesothermal-epithermal

    Age:Mesozoic

    Usage:For extracting silver, zinc and lead. Silver, zinc and lead are widely used in industry. Silver is used in electronic and machinery industry, as well as in traditional coins and jewelry. Lead is mainly used in automobile, chemical and metallurgy industry, it is also used in atomic industry for radiation protection. Zinc is widely used in alloy-making. Zinc-coating can prevent metals from erosion. High purityzinc is used for Ag-Zn battery, airplane, spaceship and electric devices.

    Sample site:Bairendabei silver-multi-metallic mine, Keshike, Inner Mongolia.


  • 柱状玄武岩

    产地:内蒙古克什克腾旗
    规格:

    名  称:柱状玄武岩

    成因类型:玄武岩浆喷出地表,冷凝收缩形成横截面呈六边形、近于垂直地面的六棱柱。

    形成时代:新近纪

    主要用途:饰面石材,规模较大者具观赏性。

    采集地点:内蒙古克什克腾旗


    Name:Columnar Basalt

    Genesis:Basaltic magma erupted to the surface, and subsequent cooling and consolidation resulted in the columnar joints, giving rise to the hexagonal columns vertical to the surface.

    Age:Neogene

    Usage:Dimension stone,scenery.

    Sample site:Keshike, Inner Mongolia

  • 银铅锌矿石

    产地:内蒙古巴林左旗双尖子山银铅锌矿区
    规格:

    名  称:银铅锌矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为辉银矿、方铅矿、闪锌矿,其次有黄铜矿、自然银、螺状硫银矿、硫银锡矿、辉硒银矿、硫锑铜银矿、黄铁矿、磁黄铁矿等。脉石矿物主要为石英。

    成因类型:中低温热液脉型矿床

    成矿时代:侏罗纪

    主要用途:是提取银、铅、锌金属的主要矿石原料。银除传统的货币和首饰外,还用于电子和机械制造等。铅主要用于汽车工业、化学工业、冶金工业、原子能工业。锌在工业上广泛用于制造各种合金,镀锌用以防止金属被腐蚀,高纯锌制造银-锌电池,用于飞机、宇宙飞船的电气仪表。

    采集地点:内蒙古巴林左旗双尖子山银铅锌矿区


    Name:Silver- Lead- Zinc Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by argentite, galena and sphalerite, with subordinate chalcopyrite, native silevr, acanthite, canfiedite, aguilarite, polybasite, pyrite, pyrrhotite, etc. Gangue minerals consist mostly of quartz.

    Ore genesis:Mesothermal-epithermal

    Age:Jurassic

    Usage:Mainly for extracting silver, lead and zinc. Silver can beused in electric and machinery industry as well as for making coins and jewlerys. Lead is used mostly in automobile, chemical, metallurgy and atomic industry. Zinc is widely used in industry for alloys and anti erosion coating. High purity zinc is used for making silver-zinc battery, and electronic devices in airplane and spaceship.

    Sample site:Silver-lead-zinc mine, Shuangjianzi Mt., Balinzuo, Inner Mongolia

  • 硅化木

    产地:内蒙古霍林郭勒市霍林河煤矿区
    规格:

    名  称:硅化木

    成  因:硅化木又称木化石、树化玉,是地质历史时期被埋藏于地下的古乔木,经硅化作用形成,但保存其外部形态与内部结构。中生代陆相地层中的硅化木以松柏类为主,新生代地层中的硅化木则以被子植物为主。具有研究古环境及古植物的价值。

    层  位:下白垩统大磨拐河组

    采集地点:内蒙古霍林郭勒市霍林河煤矿区


    Name:Silicified Wood

    Genesis:Silicified wood is also called wood fossil or tree jade, which was formed by silicification of buried trees in geological history, which keeps the original textures of woods. The silicified wood in Mesozoic nonmarine sediments are mostly pine and cypress, whereas the Cenozoic sediments host mostly silicified angiosperm, there for significant for paleoenvironment and plant study.

    Stratigraphy:Damoguaihe Formation, the lower Cretaceous

    Sample site:Huolinhe coal mine, Inner Mongolia.


  • 玄武岩岩芯

    产地:内蒙古和林格尔县台格斗村
    规格:

    名  称:岩芯

    岩  性:橄榄玄武岩,钻探获得的岩芯样品。斑晶矿物主要为斜长石,部分为单斜辉石及橄榄石,基质由斜长石、单斜辉石、斜方辉石及钛铁氧化物组成。

    形成时代:新近纪

    主要用途:该处采集的岩芯主要用于查明玄武岩岩性特征及其富水性。

    采集地点:内蒙古和林格尔县台格斗村


    Name:Drillcore

    Lithology:olivene basalt drill core, the phenocryst mostly consist of plagioclase, with subordinate clinopyroxene and olivene, and the matrix consist of plagioclase, clinopyroxene, orthopyroxene and titanium oxides

    Age:Neogene

    Usage:The cores are used mainly for geological and geo-hydraulic survey.

    Sample site:Taigedou, Lingeor, Inner Mongolia

  • 太西煤

    产地:内蒙古阿拉善左旗古拉本煤矿区
    规格:

    名  称:太西煤

    特  征:无烟煤,具有低灰、低硫、低磷、高发热量、高比电阻、高块煤率、高机械化强度、高化学活性、高精煤产率等“三低六高”优势,被誉为“煤中之王”。

    时代及层位:中生代侏罗系中下统延安组

    主要用途:太西煤主要用于炼钢高炉喷吹、加工活性炭和碳素、化肥等各类化工原料。

    采集地点:内蒙古阿拉善左旗古拉本煤矿区


    Name:Taixi Coal

    Characteristics:Anthracite coal,special for its “three low and six high”:low ash, sulfur, and phosphor and high calorific, resistivity, rate of lump, mechanic strength, chemical activity and clean coal yield rate, therefore get the fame as “King of coals”

    Age and stratigraphy:Yanan Formation, middle and lower Jurassic

    Usage:Mostly used for blast furnace injection, active carbon, carbon, fertilizers, etc.

    Sample site:Gulaben coal mine, Alashanzuoqi, Inner Mongolia

  • 石灰岩矿石

    产地:内蒙古巴林左旗白音乌拉镇
    规格:

    名  称:石灰岩矿石

    主要成分:岩性为结晶灰岩,矿物为方解石。化学成分为CaCO3。

    成因类型:沉积岩型

    层  位:中二叠统哲斯组

    主要用途:主要用于水泥原料。还可以用于溶剂、涂装材料和烧制电石、白灰等。

    采集地点:内蒙古巴林左旗白音乌拉镇


    Name:Crystalline limestone

    Composition:Limestone,consists of calcite, chemistry CaCO3。

    Genesis:Sedimentary

    Stratigraphy:Middle-lower Permian Zhesi Formation.

    Usage:Mostly for cement-making, also used in solvent, paint, calcium carbide and lime.

    Sample site:Baiyinwula, Balinzuoqi, Inner Mongolia.


  • 铅锌矿石

    产地:内蒙古巴林左旗浩布高铅锌矿区
    规格:

    名  称:铅锌矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为闪锌矿、方铅矿、磁铁矿、黄铜矿。脉石矿物以透辉石-钙铁辉石为主。

    成因类型:矽卡岩型

    成矿时代:中生代

    主要用途:提取金属铅、锌的主要矿石原料。铅广泛应用于各种工业,大量用于制造铅酸电池,原子能工业中用于制造防辐射外罩。锌在工业上广泛用于制造各种合金,锌的另一个用途是大量用来镀锌,以防止金属被腐蚀。

    采集地点:内蒙古巴林左旗浩布高铅锌矿区

    Name:Lead- Zinc Ore

    Mineralogy:Oreminerals dominated by sphalerite, galena, magnetite and chalcopyrite. Gangue minerals include mainly diopside and hedenbergite.

    Genesis:Skarn

    Age:Mesozoic

    Usage:For extracting lead and zinc. Lead is widely used in industry, largely for making lead acid battery. In atomic industry it is used for making anti-radioactivity cover. Zinc is widely used in making alloys and coating to protect metals against erosion.

    Sample site:Haobugao Lead-zinc  mine, Balinzuoqi, Inner Mongolia.


  • 磁铁矿石

    产地:内蒙古阿拉善右旗卡休他他铁矿区
    规格:

    名  称:磁铁矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为磁铁矿,含少量的钛铁矿、赤铁矿、斜方砷钴矿、红砷镍矿、黄铁矿、黄铜矿等。脉石矿物主要有绢云母、石英、长石、方解石等。

    成因类型:矽卡岩型

    成矿时代:晚古生代

    主要用途:选冶铁的主要矿石原料。可冶炼生铁、熟铁、铁合金、碳素钢、合金钢、特种钢等。

    采集地点:内蒙古阿拉善右旗卡休他他铁矿区

    Name:Magnetite Ore

    Mineralogy:Oreminerals dominated by magnetite, with minor ilmenite, hematite, safflorite, niccolite, pyrite, chalcopyrite, etc. Gangue minerals include mostly sericite, quartz, feldspar and calcite.

    Ore genesis:Skarn

    Age:Late Paleozoic

    Usage:Source for metallurgy,used for making pig iron, wrought iron, iron alloys, carbon steel, alloy steel and specific steels.

    Sample site:Kaxiutata iron mine, Alashanyouqi, Inner Mongolia.


  • 木纹石

    产地:内蒙古清水河县窑沟
    规格:

    名  称:木纹石

    岩性特征:又名木纹玉,是具有天然木质纹理的石材之通称。岩性为富铁质泥质白云岩。由浅紫红色微细晶含铁白云岩和浅黄色细晶白云岩交替出现构成,主要由于铁质含量差异所致,常见大小不等的椭圆形或不规则同心环,俗称“木纹石”。

    层  位:下奥陶统亮甲山组

    主要用途:是较名贵的饰面石材及雕件材料

    采集地点:内蒙古清水河县窑沟


    Name:Serpenggiante

    Characteristics:Also named as Serpenggiante jade, with natural year rings of wood, lithologically composed of iron-rich marl dolomite. It consists of interbedding light purple-reddish crystalline dolomite and light yellowish dolomite, and the color variation is due to iron concentration. The name “Serpenggiante” comes from the concentric rings.

    Straitigraphy:Lower Ordovician Liangjiashan Formation

    Usage:High quality dimension stone and also used for sculpture-caving

    Sample site:Yaogou, Qingshuihe, Inner Mongolia

  • 竹叶状灰岩

    产地:内蒙古清水河县城南脑包山
    规格:

    名  称:竹叶状灰岩Wormkalk

    岩性特征:一种典型的砾屑灰岩。砾石大小不等,一般长几厘米至十几厘米,成分单一,多为泥晶方解石。填隙物为微晶方解石,局部有白云石化现象。砾石边缘常见一层黄或紫红色的氧化铁质圈。平面观之由圆形、椭圆形扁平砾石组成;在垂直切面上,砾石的形状似“竹叶”而得名。

    层  位:中寒武统张夏组

    主要用途:饰面石材及雕件材料

    采集地点:内蒙古清水河县城南脑包山


    Name:Wormkalk

    Lithology:A type of calcirudite, the debris consist vary in size from centimeters to more than ten centimeters, mostly argillite calcite. The debris are infilled with crystalline calcite, locally dolomitized. The debris are often surrounded with yellowish-purple oxidization rings, giving rise to the “bamboo leaf-like” morphology along vertical sections, therefore the name wormkalk.

    Stratigraphy:Mid-Cambrian zhangxia Formation

    Uasage:Dimension stone and sculpture.

    Sample site:Nannaobao Mt., Qingshuihe, Inner Mongolia.

  • 饰面花岗岩

    产地:内蒙古商都县瓜坊子村
    规格:

    名  称:饰面花岗岩

    矿物成分:主要为钾长石、石英、钠长石及少量白云母,由酸性岩浆在地壳深部结晶而成。

    主要用途:由于其硬度高、耐磨损,除可做饰面石材外,也是大型雕件的首选之材。我国的黄山、华山等风景区的峰林主要是由花岗岩组成。

    采集地点:内蒙古商都县瓜坊子村


    Name:Dimension stone

    Mineralogy:Mostly potassium feldspar, quartz and albite, with minor muscovite. It was formed via crystallization of acidic magmas intruded into the crust.

    Usage:Due to its high hardness and resistance, it is used as dimension stone and sculpture. Many famous mountains in China is composed of granite

    Sample site:Guafangzi, Shangdu, Inner Mongolia.

  • L型构造岩

    产地:内蒙古苏尼特右旗朱日和镇乌兰水库
    规格:

    名  称:L型构造岩

    特  征:以线理为主的构造岩,岩石为绿泥石英片岩。

    成  因:岩石中石英集合体强烈拉长、阳起石定向形成十分发育的线理,属于“L”型构造岩,通常形成于伸展滑脱的变形环境中。拉伸线理的优选方位反映流动的相对方向,是研究构造运动的依据。

    采集地点:内蒙古苏尼特右旗朱日和镇乌兰水库


    Name:L-Tectonite

    Characteristics:Lineation-dominated tectonite, composed of chlorite-quartz schist.

    Genesis:Intensive stretching of quartz and orientation of actinolite produce well developed lineation in the rocks, belong to L-type tectonite. It is often found in extensional detachment setting. Orientation of the lineation could provide guidance to study of direction of movement and tectonics.

    Sample site:Wulan reservoir, Zhurihe, Suniteyouqi, Inner Mongolia


  • 褶曲构造

    产地:内蒙古四子王旗
    规格:

    名  称:褶曲构造

    成因特征:深海沉积的硅质条带灰岩受应力挤压、剪切形成,因差异风化使硅质条带突出而显示褶曲构造,是研究构造运动的依据。

    采集地点:内蒙古四子王旗


    Name:Fold Structure

    Characteristics:Banded silicic limestone was compressed and folded under stress. The bandings become more eminent due to weathering. It provides clues to geoscientists for study of tectonics.

    Sample site:Siziwangqi, Inner Mongolia

  • 石泡流纹岩

    产地:内蒙古达尔罕茂明安联合旗西河乡
    规格:

    名  称:石泡流纹岩

    成  因:富含水汽的高温酸性熔浆沸腾冷却形成,玉化程度高者称梅花玉。

    形成时代:白垩纪(下白垩统白女羊盘组火山岩)

    主要用途:玉化程度高者,可作观赏石。

    采集地点:内蒙古达尔罕茂明安联合旗西河乡


    Name:Lithophysa Rhyolite

    Genesis:Formed via crystallization of vapor-rich acidic magma, those that are jadified are called plum blossom jade.

    Age:Cretaceous(lower Cretaceous Baiyangpan Formation)

    Usage:Those highly jadified could become ornamental stone.

    Sample site:Xihe, Daerhanmingan, Inner Mongolia

  • 流纹质火山角砾熔岩

    产地:内蒙古达尔罕茂明安联合旗西河乡
    规格:

    名  称:流纹质火山角砾熔岩

    成因特征:火山喷发过程中形成的各种岩石碎块降落于炽热的酸性火山熔浆中,且被熔浆胶结而成。

    形成时代:白垩纪(下白垩统白女羊盘组火山岩)

    采集地点:内蒙古达尔罕茂明安联合旗西河乡


    Name:Rhyolitic Volcanic Breccia

    Genesis:Eruption of volcanic debris were welded by acidic lavas.

    Age:Cretaceous(lower Cretaceous Bainvyangpan Formation)

    Sample site:Xihe,Daerhanmaomingan, Inner Mongolia

  • 珍珠岩

    产地:内蒙古多伦县
    规格:

    名  称:珍珠岩

    主要成分:酸性岩浆经迅速冷凝形成的玻璃质岩石。主要成分为酸性火山玻璃,含少量透长石、石英斑晶。断口呈参差状,珍珠光泽,风化后具油脂光泽。

    成  因:酸性岩浆经迅速冷凝形成的玻璃质岩石,因具珍珠状裂隙结构而得名,具珍珠光泽。

    形成时代:早白垩世(下白垩统张家口组)

    主要用途:建筑工业中多用于混凝土骨材;轻质、保温材料;防震、防火、防辐射等高层建筑工程墙体的充填材料;农业园林用于土壤改造。

    采集地点:内蒙古多伦县


    Name:Perlite

    Composition:Mostly consist of acidic volcanic glass, with minor sanidine and quartz phenocrysts. Fractures show pearly luster, and become greasy after weathering.

    Genesis:Fast crystallization of acidic magma erupted on the surface. The name comes from its pearly luster.

    Age:Early Cretaceous(Zhanjiakou Formation)

    Usage:In construction industry it is most often used in concretes, light and heat insulation materials, which could make the buildings stronger against earthquake, fire and radiations. It could also be used for improvement of soils in farming.

    Sample site:Duolun, Inner Mongolia

  • 硅石矿石

    产地:内蒙古正蓝旗马牙子山硅石矿
    规格:

    名  称:硅石矿石

    主要成分:化学成分为SiO2,岩性为脉石英,含少量绢云母和微量金红石、锆石、电气石。

    成  因:岩浆分泌的SiO2溶液沿构造裂隙充填形成。

    主要用途:制高纯度石英粉,是光学玻璃与艺术玻璃的重要硅质原料;高纯石英粉可用于生产多晶硅和单晶硅。

    采集地点:内蒙古正蓝旗马牙子山硅石矿


    Name:Silica Ore

    Composition:Chemical composition SiO2,rock type quartz vein, containing minor sericite, and trace amount of , zircon and tourmaline.

    Genesis:Infilling of SiO2solution along fractures, which was released from magmas.

    Usage:For making high purity quartz powder, which is the major raw material for making optic and art glass. High purity quartz powder can be used in making monocrystalline silicon and polysilicon.

    Sample site:Mayazi Mt Silica mine, Zhenglanqi, Inner Mongolia.


  • 金钻玛(环斑状正长花岗岩)

    产地:内蒙古镶黄旗
    规格:

    名  称:金钻玛(环斑状正长花岗岩)

    矿物成分:主要为钾长石、斜长石、石英及黑云母。钾长石似斑晶边缘环绕更钠长石,呈白眼圈。

    形成时代:晚古生代

    主要用途:装饰用饰面材料。制成花岗岩饰面板材。制碑石及其附属品。制艺术装饰和生活用的石雕石刻作品。

    采集地点:内蒙古镶黄旗


    Name: Rapakivi Syenogranite

    Mineralogy:Mostly consist of potassium feldspar, plagioclase, quartz and biotite. Potassium feldspar phenocrysts are surrounded with albite, giving rise to the white-colored rings.

    Age:Late Paleozoic

    Usage:Dimension stone, hear stone, and sculpture stone.

    Sample site:Xianghuangqi, Inner Mongolia.


  • 铜矿石

    产地:内蒙古苏尼特右旗别鲁乌图铜矿区
    规格:

    名  称:铜矿石

    矿物成分:矿石矿物主要为黄铜矿、黄铁矿、磁黄铁矿,次为方铅矿、闪锌矿,含少量磁铁矿、自然银、毒砂。脉石矿物主要为黑云母、绿泥石、石英,次为方解石、斜绿泥石、电气石、斜长石、绢云母等。

    成因类型:海相火山热液型

    成矿时代:晚古生代

    主要用途:主要用于提取金属铜。铜被广泛应用于国民经济的各部门中。主要用于制造电线、电缆、电机设备;此外,在国防、机械制造、有机化工及工艺美术、农业中均有使用。

    采集地点:内蒙古苏尼特右旗别鲁乌图铜矿区


    Name:Copper Ore

    Mineralogy:Ore minerals dominated by chalcopyrite, pyrite and pyrrhotite, with subordinate galena, sphalerite, and minor amount of magnetite, native silver, arsenopyrite. Gangue minerals include biotite, chlorite, quartz, calcite, clinochlore, tourmaline, plagioclase, sericite, etc.

    Ore genesis:Submarine hydrothermal

    Age:Late Paleozoic

    Usage:Mainly forextracting copper. Copper is widely used in industry, mostly for making wires, cables, electric devices, machinery, organic chemistry, arts, and agriculture.

    Sample site:Bieluwutu copper mine, Suniteyouqi, Inner Mongolia.

  • 佘太玉

    产地:内蒙古乌拉特前旗大佘太地区
    规格:

    名称:佘太玉

    岩性:岩性为石英岩,成份为SiO2,摩氏硬度在6~7之间,因含有铬云母呈绿色。

    形成时代:地质时代属中元古代长城纪,距今16~18亿年。

    主要用途:可制作各类饰品、大型雕件。中国地质博物馆已有馆藏。

    采集地点:内蒙古乌拉特前旗大佘太地区


    Name:Shetai Jade

    Lithology:quartzite,Composition: SiO2,Moh’s hardness 6~7, Color: greenish for containing chromium mica.

    Age:Changcheng System, Moesoproterozoic, 1.6~1.8 Ga。

    Usage:Ornaments, carvingstonefor large sculptures. Collection kept in Chinese Geological Museum.

    Sample site:Dashetai, Wulateqianqi, Inner Mongolia.